Etchants for Cu and Alloys

Ag-Al-Cu alloy-4.8 at.% Ag, 0.2 at.% Cu
Ag-Cu alloys-In heterogeneius alloys attacks Cu rich areas faster then Ag rich
Al-Cu alloy-Alloy with 0.34 wt.% Cu
Al-Cu alloy-Alloy with 2-5% Cu
Al-Cu alloy-Alloy with 3-5% Cu
Al-Cu alloy-Alloy with 36 wt.% Cu
Al-Cu alloy-Alloy with 4 wt.% Cu
Al-Cu alloy-Alloy with 4.5 wt.% Cu
Al-Cu alloy-Alloy with 7.5 at.% Al
Al-Cu alloys-Alloys with 10-45% Cu
Al-Cu alloys-Alloys with 1-5% Cu
Al-Cu single crystal-Chemical etching
Al-Cu single crystal-Chemical etching
Al-Cu-Ag-Mg-Ti alloy-4.7% Cu, 0.6% Ag, 0.3% Mg, 0.3% Al, 0.2% Ti
Al-Cu-Mg alloys-Alloys with 1-5% Cu, 0.5-1.5% Mg
Al-Cu-Mg-Mn alloys-3-4% Cu, 0.5-1% Mg, 0.5% Mn
Al-Cu-Ti alloy-Alloy with 4% Cu, and 0.1% Ti
Alpha brass (Cu-Zn)-Electro polishing
Alpha or alpha plus beta brass-Electrolytic polishing
Alpha or beta brass-Electropolishing
Alpha-brass [(Cu-Zn) with 29.38% Cu)]-Chemical cleaning
Alpha-brass single crystals-Cutting
Al-Zn, Cu alloy specimens-Physical etching
Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy-7075 alloy: 5.5-5.8% Zn, 2.1-2.6% Mg, 1.6-1.7% Cu
Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloys-7075 alloy: 5-3% Zn, 2-7% Mg, 1.6 Cu + Fe, S, Cr, Ti, Mn
ASTM Etch 31-Amonium persulphate
ASTM etchant #26
ASTM etchant #27
ASTM etchant #28-Ferric nitrate
ASTM etchant #29-Potassium dichromate
ASTM etchant #30-NH4OH+H2O
ASTM etchant #32-Chromic acid
ASTM etchant #33-Chromic/hydrochloric
ASTM etchant #34
ASTM etchant #35-Grard's No.1 etch
ASTM etchant #36
ASTM etchant #37
ASTM etchant #38
ASTM etchant #39
ASTM etchant #40
ASTM etchant #41
ASTM etchant #42
ASTM etchant #43
ASTM etchant #44-Ammonium/peroxide
ASTM etchant #49
ASTM etchant #53
ASTM etchant #8
Be-Cu alloys with high Cu content, Be-Ag and Be-Al-Ti alloys-Chemical etching
Be-Cu alloys-For alloys with up to 15% Cu
Brass (70Cu-30Zn), bronze, and copper alloys-Chemical etching
Brass (70Cu-30Zn), bronze, and copper parts-Chemical etching-Bichromate finish dip etchant
Brass (70Cu-30Zn)-Scale dip or fire-off dip
Brass specimens-Acid, cutting
Brass specimens-Electro polishing
Brass specimens-Electro polishing
Brass specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Brass, bronze, and copper alloy parts-Chemical etching
Brass, bronze, and copper alloys-Bright dip etchant
Brass, bronze, and copper alloys-Chemical cleaning-Pickling's etchant
Brilliant etchant
Bronze specimen-Chemical etching
Cadmium-copper (Cd-Cu)-Electric contact material
Chromium-copper (Cr-Cu)-Electric contact material
Copper alloys-Color etching
Copper alloys-Color etching
Copper alloys-Color etching
Copper alloys-Electrolytic polishing
Copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys except Tin-bronze-Electro polishing
Copper and copper alloys-All brasses. produce brilliant, deep etch
Copper and copper alloys-All Copper and copper alloy
Copper and copper alloys-Alpha anbd alpha + beta alloys
Copper and copper alloys-Aluminium bronze, free-cutting brass
Copper and copper alloys-Aluminium bronze, free-cutting brass
Copper and copper alloys-Attack polishing of brasses and bronzes
Copper and copper alloys-Attack polishing of coppers and some copper alloys
Copper and copper alloys-Beryllium copper and aluminium bronze
Copper and copper alloys-Brass. General macro
Copper and copper alloys-Cartridge brass, free-cutting brass, admirality, gilding metal
Copper and copper alloys-Chemical etching
Copper and copper alloys-Chemical etching
Copper and copper alloys-Cold worked brasses
Copper and copper alloys-Copper alloys of Be, Mn, and Si; nickel silver; bronzes, chromium copper
Copper and copper alloys-Copper-nickel alloys
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers and all brasses. Grains; cracks and other defects, reveal grain contrast
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers and all brasses. Grains; cracks and other defects
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers, all brasses, aluminium bronze
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers, brasses, bronzes, aluminium bronzes
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers, brasses, bronzes, nickel silver, Al bronze
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers, brasses, bronzes, nickel silver
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers, brasses, bronzes, nickel silver
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers, brasses, nickel silver; darkening large areas of beta in alpha-beta brass
Copper and copper alloys-Coppers, high Cu alloys, phosphor bronze. Grain boundaries, oxide inclusions
Copper and copper alloys-Electrolytic etching
Copper and copper alloys-Electrolytic etching
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and copper alloys-Especially for copper and brass. For revealing the microstructure
Copper and copper alloys-Etching and attack polishing of coppers and Cu alloys
Copper and copper alloys-For Ci-Sn Alloys
Copper and copper alloys-For copper an alpha brass
Copper and copper alloys-For copper and alpha brass
Copper and copper alloys-For nickel silver and bronzes
Copper and copper alloys-For revealing the general macro-structure
Copper and copper alloys-Good contrast between tha alpha phase and beta phase in brass
Copper and copper alloys-Jet electro polishing (0.1 cm jet)
Copper and copper alloys-Jet electro polishing (0.15 cm jet) of discs
Copper and copper alloys-Jet machinning
Copper and copper alloys-Silicon brass, silicon bronze. General macrostructure
Copper and copper alloys-Suitable for revealing differences in alloy concentration
Copper and copper alloys-To reveal susceptibility to stress corrosion
Copper and copper alloys-To reveal the (100) texture in copper
Copper and copper alloys-To reveal the (100) texture in copper
Copper and copper base alloys-Electropolishing
Copper and its alloys-Brass. Strain lines
Copper and its alloys-Brilliant deep etch
Copper and its alloys-Cu and all brasses. Emphasizes grains and cracks
Copper and its alloys-Cu and all brasses. Good grain contrast
Copper and its alloys-Cu and all brasses
Copper and its alloys-Cu, high Cu alloys, P-Sn bronzes. Emphasizes grain boundaries and oxide inclusions
Copper and its alloys-Silicon brass or bronze
Copper base alloys-Colour etchant
Copper chloride (CuCl)-Chemical etching
Copper plating
Copper polyerystalline parts-Chemical cleaning
Copper samples-Brasses containing Si. Si bronzes
Copper samples-Cu and all types of brasses. Grain contrast
Copper samples-Cu and all types of brasses. Grains and cracks
Copper samples-Cu and brasses. Grain contrast
Copper samples-Verification of stresses in brass
Copper single crystal-Chemical etching
Copper single crystal-Chemical polishing, electrolytic etching, etch pit etching
Copper single crystal-Electro etching for etch pits
Copper single crystal-Electro polishing
Copper single crystal-Etching for etch pits
Copper single crystal-Etching for etch pits
Copper single crystals-Electro polishing
Copper specimens- All types of Cu. Cartridge brass. Tombac. Muntz metal, Easily machinable brasses
Copper specimens-Al bronzes which are difficult to etch otherwise
Copper specimens-Al bronzes, Cu-Be alloys
Copper specimens-All types of Cu. Cu-Be alloys
Copper specimens-Alpha-beta brass. Special brass. Al brass. Red cast bronze. German silver. Cu-Sn alloys
Copper specimens-An extremely useful electrolyte for certain applications, but dangerous
Copper specimens-Beta brasses.German silver. Monel and Cu-Ni alloys
Copper specimens-Brasses. Alpha bronze
Copper specimens-Brasses. Especially brasses containing Co
Copper specimens-Cathodic etching
Copper specimens-Cathodic etching
Copper specimens-Chemical etching
Copper specimens-Chemical etching
Copper specimens-Chemical polishing and etching
Copper specimens-Chemical polishing
Copper specimens-Chemical polishing
Copper specimens-Chemical polishing
Copper specimens-Chemical polishing
Copper specimens-Chemical polishing
Copper specimens-Chemical thinning
Copper specimens-Color etchnat and grain size contrast of bronzes
Copper specimens-Cu, brasses, bronzes, Al bronzes, Cu-Ni and Cu-Ag alloys, German silver
Copper specimens-Electro polishing and thinning
Copper specimens-Electro polishing
Copper specimens-Electro polishing
Copper specimens-Electro polishing
Copper specimens-Electro polishing
Copper specimens-Electro polishing
Copper specimens-Electro polishing
Copper specimens-Electro thinning in P.T.F.E. holder
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by window technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by Bollman technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by Mirand-Saulnier technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by modified voltage technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by window (W) or Bollman (B) technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by window technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by window technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning by window technique
Copper specimens-Electro thinning
Copper specimens-Electro thinning
Copper specimens-Electro thinning
Copper specimens-Electrolytic etching
Copper specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Copper specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Copper specimens-Electropolishing
Copper specimens-Electropolishing
Copper specimens-Electropolishing
Copper specimens-Electropolishing
Copper specimens-Electropolishing
Copper specimens-Electropolishing
Copper specimens-Fast, good polish and etch for Cu and Cu with oxide and sulfide inclusions
Copper specimens-For revealing the grain boundaries
Copper specimens-Grain surface etching
Copper specimens-Ion etching
Copper specimens-Most types of Cu and Cu Alloys. Cu-Ag solder layers. Mn, P, Be, Al-Si bronzes
Copper specimens-Most types of Cu and Cu Alloys. Flow lines in brass
Copper specimens-Multiple constituent Sn bronzes. Delta phase
Copper specimens-Physical etching
Copper specimens-Physical etching
Copper specimens-Physical etching
Copper specimens-Pondos reagent
Copper specimens-Thinning of Cu wire for electron microscopy
Copper specimens-This etchant reveals segregation structure and grain boundaries in 99.999% Cu
Copper thin films-Chemical etching
Copper, brasss, bronzes-Electropolishing
Copper, brasss, bronzes-Electropolishing
Copper-cobalt-beryllium (Cu-Co-Be)-Electric contact material
Copper-cobalt-beryllium (Cu-Co-Be)-Electric contact material
Copper-cobalt-silicon (Cu-Co-Si)-Electric contact material
Copper-cobalt-silicon (Cu-Co-Si)-Electric contact material
Copper-Color and grain contrast etchant for Cu
Copper-Cu (impure)
Copper-Cu (pure)
Copper-Cu
Copper-Cu
Copper-Cu
Copper-Cu
Copper-Cu
Copper-Cu
Copper-Cu
Copper-Eelctrolytic polishing
Copper-Electrolytic lapping
Copper-Electrolytic polishing
Copper-Electrolytic polishing
Copper-graphite (Cu-C)-Electric contact material
Copper-tungsten (Cu-W)-Electric contact material
Copper-tungsten (Cu-W)-Electric contact material
Cu (100) wafers-Chemical polishing
Cu (111) single crystal wafers-Dislocation etching
Cu (111) single crystal-Chemical cleaning
Cu (111) wafers-Chemical etching
Cu (111) wafers-Electrolytic polishing
Cu (111) wafers-Gas cleaning
Cu (111) wafers-Gas cleaning
Cu (111) within 2-3 orientation-Dislocation etching
Cu (1O0) single crystal wafers-Gas removal
Cu (OFHC), Cu-30% Zn alloy
Cu and alloy parts-Chemical etching
Cu and alloys
Cu and alloys
Cu and alloys
Cu and alloys
Cu and alloys
Cu and alloys
Cu and alloys
Cu and alloys-For copper, brass and nickel silver
Cu and alloys-For copper, brass and nickel silver
Cu and brass
Cu and Cu alloy parts-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloy parts-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloy specimens-Chemical etching-General etchant
Cu and Cu alloys - Beraha's tint etch
Cu and Cu alloys - Pondo's reagent
Cu and Cu alloys as sheet or foil-Chemical cleaning
Cu and Cu alloys except Sn bronze-Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys except Sn bronze-Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys with soft solders-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys, Be bronzes-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical cleaning
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical cleaning
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical cleaning-Scale dip etchant
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical cleaning-Scale dip etchant
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical polishing
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical polishing
Cu and Cu alloys-Chemical polishing
Cu and Cu-base alloys-Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu-Zn and Cu-Sn alloys
Cu bicrystals-Chemical etching
Cu brass
Cu cryogenic trailer piping-Chemical cleaning
Cu cryogenic trailer piping-Chemical cleaning
Cu ferrite-CuO: 0.33/2.5 Fe2O3
Cu OFHC copper specimens-Chemical etching
Cu oxide (Cu2O)-Chemical polishing, thinning
Cu oxide-Chemical polishing, thinning
Cu oxides-Chemical ecthing
Cu oxides-Chemical etching
Cu oxides-single crystals-Chemical polishing
Cu parts as sheet, pans and piping-Mineral cleaning
Cu parts as sheet, pans and piping-Mineral cleaning
Cu piping on cryogenic transport tailers-Chemical cleaning
Cu piping-Chemical cleaning
Cu single crystal ingots-Chemical etching
Cu single crystal specimens-Acid cleaning
Cu single crystal specimens-Acid cleaning
Cu single crystal specimens-Chemical etching
Cu single crystal specimens-Chemical etching
Cu single crystal specimens-Chemical etching
Cu single crystal specimens-Chemical polishing
Cu single crystal specimens-Chemical polishing
Cu single crystal specimens-Chemical polishing
Cu single crystal specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal specimens-Physical etching
Cu single crystal sphere-Acid oxidation
Cu single crystal sphere-Chemical etching
Cu single crystal sphere-Gas, preferential
Cu single crystal spheres-Acid oxidation
Cu single crystal spheres-Electrolytic oxide removal
Cu single crystal spheres-Electrolytic oxide removal
Cu single crystal spheres-Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal spheres-Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal spheres-Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal spheres-Gas, preferential
Cu single crystal spheres-Salt, removal/preferential
Cu single crystal spheres-Thermal forming
Cu single crystal spheres-Thermal forming
Cu single crystal spheres-Thermal forming
Cu single crystal wafers of various orientations-Dislocation etching
Cu single crystal wafers-Chemical etching
Cu single crystal wafers-Chemical etching
Cu single crystal wafers-Dislocation etching
Cu single crystal wafers-Dislocation etching
Cu single crystals-Chemical cleaning
Cu single crystals-Deformation
Cu specimens and copper alloys-Chemical etching
Cu specimens and copper alloys-Chemical etching
Cu specimens and copper alloys-Chemical etching
Cu specimens and copper alloys-Chemical etching
Cu specimens and parts-Chemical polishing-Copper britte dip etchant
Cu specimens and parts-Chemical polishing-Copper britte dip etchant
Cu specimens-Acid cutting
Cu specimens-Acid cutting
Cu specimens-Chemical etching
Cu specimens-Chemical etching
Cu specimens-Chemical etching
Cu specimens-Chemical etching
Cu specimens-Chemical etching
Cu specimens-Chemical etching
Cu specimens-Chemical polishing
Cu specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Cu specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Cu specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Cu specimens-Gas corrosion
Cu thin films evaporated on NaCl-Acid, float-off
Cu thin films evaporated on NaCl-Acid, float-off
Cu wire and coupons-Chemical cleaning
Cu wire and coupons-Chemical cleaning
Cu wire and OFHC copper parts-Chemical polishing/cleaning
Cu wire and OFHC copper parts-Chemical polishing/cleaning
Cu, 25% Pb, 0.75% Ag alloy
Cu, alpha brass
Cu, brass (high Zn content)
Cu, brass, bronze alloys - Beraha's tint etch
Cu, brass
Cu, Cu-Al alloys, brass
Cu, high Cu alloys, phosphor bronze
Cu20 thin films-Acid oxidation
Cu2O native oxide-Oxide removal
Cu2O as a native oxide on copper surfaces-Acid removal
Cu2O as a native oxide thin film on surfaces-Oxide removal
Cu2O as a native oxide-Chemical etching
Cu2O specimens-Chemical etching
Cu2O thin films-Chemical cleaning
Cu-30% Zn alloy
Cu-30% Zn alloy
Cu-30% Zn alloy
Cu-35% Zn alloy
Cu-4.85% Si alloy
Cu-48.9% alloy (atomic %)
Cu-8% Al alloy, Cu-0.5% Be alloy, Cu-5% Al-2% Si alloy
Cu-Al alloys (to 50%)
Cu-Al and Cu-Be alloys
Cu-Al-Mn alloys-Alloys with 3-4% Cu, 0.5 Mn
Cu-Al-Ni alloy-82-83% Cu, 14-15% Al, 3% Ni
Cu-As alloys-Chemical etching
Cu-Au alloys
Cu-Be alloys
Cu-Be alloys
Cu-Bi alloys
Cu-Co alloys-Alpha or beta brass, Cu-Fe, Cu-Co, Co, Cd
Cu-Cr alloys-Alloys with < at.% Cr
Cu-Fe alloy-Alloy with 50% Cu
Cu-Fe alloys-Alloy with < 5.5 at.% Fe
Cu-Fe alloys-Alpha or beta brass, Cu-Fe, Cu-Co, Co, Cd
Cu-Fe, Cu-Co alloys-Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ga alloys-Alloys with < 14.5 at.% Cu
CuGaS2 single crystals-Chemical cleaning
Cu-Ge alloys-Alloys with < 9.5 at.% Ge
Cu-In alloy-Alloy with 9% In
Cu-Mn alloys-Alloys with < 50 at.% Mn
Cu-Ni alloys
Cu-Ni-Al alloys
Cu-Ni-Fe system-32-64% Cu, 27-46% Ni, 9-23% Fe
Cu-Ni-Fe system-50/70 at.% Cu - 33/19 at.% Ni - 15/11 at.% Fe
Cu-Pb alloys - Vilella's reagent
Cu-Pb alloys
CuS specimens-Chemical etching
Cu-Si alloys
Cu-Si-Zn alloys
Cu-Si-Zn alloys-Copper rich alloys
Cu-Sn-Ag dental alloys - Crowell's reagent
Cu-Ti alloys-Cu-1% Ti
Cu-Ti alloys-For alloys with < 9.5 at.% Ti
Cu-V alloy-For alloys with < 14.7 at.% V and > 94 at.% V
Cu-Zn alloy-Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Zn alloys-52.55 at.% Cu - 48.45 at.% Zn
Cu-Zn alloys-58 at % Cu - 42 at.% Zn
Cu-Zn alloys-Copper and Cu-Zn alloys
Cu-Zn alloys-Copper and Cu-Zn alloys
Cu-Zn alloys-For alloys with < 30 at.% Zn
Cu-Zn-Sn alloy-64 at.% Cu - 33.5 at.% Zn - 2.5 at.% Sn
Etchant for copper wire-Chemical etching
Etches the (100) texture of Cu-Chemical etching
Klemm's etchant II
Klemm's etchant III
Matte dip etchant
Nickel and nickel-copper alloys (Ni-Cu)-For Monel K-500 alloy
Nickel and nickel-copper alloys (Ni-Cu)-For revealing grain boundaries
Nickel and nickel-copper alloys (Ni-Cu)-Microscopic examination of grain boundaries and general structure
Nickel specimens-Ni-Cu alloys. Ni base superalloys
NiCu (5%) to NiCu (80%) single crystal wafers-Chemical etching
Ni-Cu alloys and Ni-base superalloys-Chemical etching
Palladium-copper (Pd-Cu)-Electric contact material
Pd-Ag-Cu alloy-35 at.% Ag-25 at.% Cu
Pondos reagent
Pure copper specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Pure copper specimens-Electropolishing
Pure Cu with/without oxide and sulfide inclusions-Chemical etching
Pure Cu, brasses, Al bronzes, Cu-Ni and Cu-Ag alloys, Alpaca-Chemical etching
Pure Cu, brasses, Alpaca, bronzes, grain boundary etchant-Chemical etching
Pure Cu, leaded bronze, bronzes, alpha/beta brasses, Al bronze, Be bronze-Chemical etching
Schramm's etchant
Silver-copper (Ag-Cu)-Electric contact material
Silver-copper (Ag-Cu)-Electric contact material
Ti-Cu alloy-For alloys with 5% Cu
U-Cu system-Electrolytic polishing
Zinc-aluminium-copper alloys (Zn-Al-Cu)-Ion etching
Zinc-aluminium-copper alloys (Zn-Al-Cu)-Ion etching
Zinc-aluminium-copper alloys (Zn-Al-Cu)-Ion etching
Zinc-aluminium-copper alloys (Zn-Al-Cu)-Ion etching
Zr-Cu alloys-For alloys with 0.1-0.8 wt.% Cu
Zr-Cu eutectoid-Zr-1.6% Cu

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