Etchants for Copper and Alloys

ASTM etchant No. 26 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 26 - For Cu and alloys
ASTM etchant No. 26 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 27 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 27 - For Cu and alloys
ASTM etchant No. 27 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 28 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 28 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 28 - Ferric nitrate - For Cu and alloys
ASTM etchant No. 28 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 28 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 29 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 29 - Potassium dichromate - For Cu and alloys
ASTM etchant No. 29 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 30 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 30 - NH4OH+H2O - For Cu and alloys
ASTM etchant No. 30 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 31 - Amonium persulphate - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu-Ni-Zr, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 31d - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 31d - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 31d - Cu-Al (aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 31d - Nickel silver - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 32 - Chromic acid - For Cu, Cu-Ni-Zn, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 32 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 32 - Nickel silver - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 32 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 33 - Chromic/hydrochloric - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu-Ni, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 33 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 33 - Nickel silver - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 33 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 34 - Cu-Ni alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 34 - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu-Ni, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 34b - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 34b - Cu-Al (aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 34b - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 35 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 35 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 35 - Grard's No.1 etch - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu alloy
ASTM etchant No. 35 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 36 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 36 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 36 - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 36 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 37 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 37 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 37 - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 37 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 38 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 38 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 38 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 38- For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 39 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 39 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 39 - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 39 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 40 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 40 - Cu-Ni alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 40 - For Cu, Cu-Al, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 40 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 41 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 41 - Cu-Be alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 41 - Cu-Cr alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 41 - Cu-Mn alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 41 - Cu-Si alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 41 - For Cu, Cu-Be, Cu-Cr, Cu-Mn, Cu-Si, Cu-Ni-Zn, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 41 - Nickel silver - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 41 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 42 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 42 - For Cu, Cu-Ni-Zn, beta-brass
ASTM etchant No. 42 - Nickel silver - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 42 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 43 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 43 - For Cu and alloys
ASTM etchant No. 43 - Pure copper - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 44 - Ammonium/peroxide - For Cu-Al, Cu alloys
ASTM etchant No. 44 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 44 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 45 - Cu-Al (Aluminum bronze) - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 45 - Cu-Be alloys - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 45 - For Cu-Al, Cu-Be
ASTM etchant No. 46 - Cu-Be
ASTM etchant No. 46 - Cu-Be alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 47 - Cu-Ni alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 47 - Cyanide/persulphate - For Cu-Ni
ASTM etchant No. 48 - Cu-Ni alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 48 - For Cu-Ni
ASTM etchant No. 49 - Cu alloys - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 49 - Cu alloys - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 49 - Cu-Ni alloys - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 49 - For Cu-Ni, Cu-Ni-Zn, Cu alloys, beta-brass
ASTM etchant No. 49 - Nickel silver - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 50 - Cu-Ni alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 50 - Nitric/acetic - For Cu-Ni
ASTM etchant No. 51 - Cu-Sn (Tin bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 51 - For Cu-Sn
ASTM etchant No. 52 - Cu-Sn (Tin bronze) - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 52 - Cu-Sn (tin bronze)
ASTM etchant No. 53 - Cu alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 53 - For Cu alloys (polish)
ASTM etchant No. 54 - Cu alloys - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 54 - For brass
ASTM etchant No. 8b - Admiralty metal - Electrolytic etching
ASTM etchant No. 8b - Pure copper - Electrolytic etching
Al bronze - Chemical etching
Al bronze - Chemical etching
Al bronze - Chemical etching
Al-Cu alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Alcoholic ferric chloride etchant - Cu and Cu alloys
Aldridge's etchant - Chemical etching
Alexander's etchant - Chemical etching
All Cu alloys - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Alloys with < 40 at.% Ni - General microstructure
Alloys with low Sn content - High Cu containing alloys - Chemical etching
Alpha brass (Cu-Zn) - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Alpha brass (Cu-Zn) - Electrolytic polishing
Alpha brass (Cu-Zn) - Physical etching - General microstructure
Alpha brass (Cu-Zn) - Physical etching - General microstructure
Alpha brass (Cu-Zn) single crystal - Electrolytic polishing, electro etching
Alpha brass - Chemical polishing
Alpha brass - Electrolytic etching
Alpha or alpha plus beta brass - Electrolytic polishing
Alpha or beta brass - Electrolytic polishing
Alpha-Beta brass - Electrolytic etching
Alpha-Beta brass - Potentiostatic etching
Alpha-brass [(Cu-Zn) with 29.38% Cu)] - Chemical cleaning
Alpha-brass single crystals - Cutting
Aluminium bronze - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Aluminum bronze - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Beraha's selenic acid etchant for copper - General microstructure
Beraha's tint etchant - Brass and Cu-Be alloys - Tint etching
Beraha's tint etchant - Cu and Cu alloys - Tint etching
Beraha's tint etchant - Cu, brass, bronze alloys - Tint etching
Beraha`s lead sulfide tint etchant - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Beta brass (45% Zn) - Chemical and electrolytic polishing
Beta brass (Cu-Zn) - Alloys with 45-48% Zn - General microstructure
Beta brass (Cu-Zn) - Chemical polishing and electrolytic thinning
Beta brass - Chemical etching
Bichromate finish dip etchant - Brass (70Cu-30Zn), bronze, and copper parts - Chemical etching
Brass (70Cu-30Zn) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Brass (70Cu-30Zn) - Scale dip or fire-off dip
Brass (70Cu-30Zn) and bronze parts - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Brass (70Cu-30Zn), bronze, and copper alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Brass - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Brass - General macrostructure
Brass - General macrostructure
Brass - Potentiostatic etching
Brass containing beta phase
Brass specimens (70Cu-30Zn) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Brass specimens (Cu-Zn) - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Brass specimens - Acid, cutting
Brass specimens - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Brass specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Brass specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Brass specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Brass specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Brass specimens and parts (70Cu-30Zn) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Brass, as single crystal alpha-brass - Electrolytic polishing
Brass, bronze, and copper alloy parts - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Brasses (Cu-Zn) specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Brasses, alpha bronze, Alpaca, Cu-Be, Cu-Cr, Cu-Mn, Cu-Ni, and Cu-Si alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Bright dip etchant - Brass, bronze, and copper alloy
Brilliant's etchant - Cu and Cu alloys
Brilliant's etchant - Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Bronze (up to 6% Sn) - Electrolytic polishing
Bronze (up to 9% Sn) - Electrolytic polishing
Bronze - Electrolytic polishing
Bronze and brass cryogenic trailer piping - Chemical cleaning
Bronze and brass cryogenic trailer piping - Chemical cleaning
Bronze artifact - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Bronze specimen - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Bronze specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cartridge brass - General macrostructure
Cold-worked brass - Electrolytic etching
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper (impure) - Dislocation etching
Copper (pure) - Dislocation etching
Copper - All types of Cu, cartridge brass, Tombac, Muntz metal, easily machinable brasses
Copper - Al bronzes which are difficult to etch otherwise
Copper - Al bronzes, Cu-Be alloys - General microstructure
Copper - All types of Cu, Cu-Be alloys - General microstructure
Copper - Alpha-beta brass, special brass, Al brass, red cast bronze, German silver, Cu-Sn alloys
Copper - An extremely useful electrolyte for certain applications, but dangerous
Copper - Attack polishing
Copper - Attack polishing
Copper - Attack polishing
Copper - Beta brasses, German silver, Monel and Cu-Ni alloys
Copper - Brasses containing Si, Si bronzes - General macrostructure
Copper - Brasses, alpha bronze - General microstructure
Copper - Brasses, especially brasses containing Co - General microstructure
Copper - Cathodic etching
Copper - Cathodic etching
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing
Copper - Chemical polishing and etching
Copper - Chemical thinning
Copper - Color and grain contrast etchant for Cu
Copper - Color etchant and grain size contrast of bronzes
Copper - Cu and all types of brasses - Grain contrast
Copper - Cu and all types of brasses - Grains and cracks
Copper - Cu and brasses - Grain contrast - General microstructure
Copper - Cu, brasses, bronzes, Al bronzes, Cu-Ni and Cu-Ag alloys, German silver
Copper - Dislocation etching
Copper - Dislocation etching
Copper - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Copper - Electrolytic lapping
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Copper - Electrolytic polishing and thinning
Copper - Electrolytic thinning
Copper - Electrolytic thinning
Copper - Electrolytic thinning
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by Bollman technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by Mirand-Saulnier technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by modified voltage technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by window or Bollman technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Copper - Electrolytic thinning in P.T.F.E. holder
Copper - Fast, good polish and etch for Cu and Cu with oxide and sulfide inclusions
Copper - For revealing the grain boundaries
Copper - Grain surface etching
Copper - Ion beam etching
Copper - Most types of Cu and Cu Alloys - Flow lines in brass
Copper - Most types of Cu and Cu Alloys, Cu-Ag solder layers, Mn, P, Be, Al-Si bronzes
Copper - Multiple constituent Sn bronzes - Delta phase
Copper - Physical etching - General microstructure
Copper - Physical etching - General microstructure
Copper - Thinning of Cu wire for electron microscopy
Copper - This etchant reveals segregation structure and grain boundaries in 99.999% Cu
Copper - Verification of stresses in brass
Copper alloys - Color etching - Enhances chemical contrast
Copper alloys - Color etching - General microstructure
Copper alloys - Color etching - General microstructure
Copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - All Copper and copper alloy
Copper and copper alloys - All brasses, produce brilliant, deep etch
Copper and copper alloys - Alpha anbd alpha + beta alloys
Copper and copper alloys - Aluminium bronze, free-cutting brass
Copper and copper alloys - Aluminium bronze, free-cutting brass
Copper and copper alloys - Attack polishing of Copper and some copper alloys
Copper and copper alloys - Attack polishing of brasses and bronzes
Copper and copper alloys - Beryllium copper and aluminium bronze
Copper and copper alloys - Brass - General macro etchant
Copper and copper alloys - Cartridge brass, free-cutting brass, admirality, gilding metal
Copper and copper alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Copper and copper alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Copper and copper alloys - Cold worked brasses
Copper and copper alloys - Copper alloys of Be, Mn, and Si; nickel silver; bronzes, chromium copper
Copper and copper alloys - Copper and all brasses - Grains; cracks and other defects
Copper and copper alloys - Copper and all brasses - Grains; cracks and other defects, reveal grain contrast
Copper and copper alloys - Copper, all brasses, aluminium bronze
Copper and copper alloys - Copper, brasses, bronzes, aluminium bronzes
Copper and copper alloys - Copper, brasses, bronzes, nickel silver
Copper and copper alloys - Copper, brasses, bronzes, nickel silver
Copper and copper alloys - Copper, brasses, bronzes, nickel silver, Al bronze
Copper and copper alloys - Copper, brasses, nickel silver; darkening large areas of beta in alpha-beta brass
Copper and copper alloys - Copper, high Cu alloys, phosphor bronze - Grain boundaries, oxide inclusions
Copper and copper alloys - Copper-nickel alloys
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic etching
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper alloys - Especially for copper and brass - For revealing the microstructure
Copper and copper alloys - Etching and attack polishing of Copper and Cu alloys
Copper and copper alloys - For Cu-Sn Alloys
Copper and copper alloys - For copper an alpha brass
Copper and copper alloys - For copper and alpha brass
Copper and copper alloys - For nickel silver and bronzes
Copper and copper alloys - For revealing the general macro-structure
Copper and copper alloys - Good contrast between tha alpha phase and beta phase in brass
Copper and copper alloys - Jet electrolytic polishing (0.1 cm jet)
Copper and copper alloys - Jet electrolytic polishing (0.15 cm jet) of discs
Copper and copper alloys - Jet machinning
Copper and copper alloys - Silicon brass, silicon bronze - General macrostructure
Copper and copper alloys - Suitable for revealing differences in alloy concentration
Copper and copper alloys - To reveal susceptibility to stress corrosion
Copper and copper alloys - To reveal the (100) texture in copper
Copper and copper alloys - To reveal the (100) texture in copper
Copper and copper alloys except Tin-bronze - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and copper base alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Copper and its alloys - Brass - Strain lines
Copper and its alloys - Brilliant deep etch
Copper and its alloys - Cu and all brasses
Copper and its alloys - Cu and all brasses - Emphasizes grains and cracks
Copper and its alloys - Cu and all brasses - Good grain contrast
Copper and its alloys - Cu, high Cu alloys, P-Sn bronzes - Emphasizes grain boundaries and oxide inclusions
Copper and its alloys - Silicon brass or bronze
Copper base alloys - Color etchant - General microstructure
Copper britte dip etchant - Cu specimens and parts - Chemical polishing
Copper chloride (CuCl) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Copper plating
Copper polyerystalline parts - Chemical cleaning
Copper single crystal - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Copper single crystal - Chemical polishing, electrolytic etching, etch pit etching
Copper single crystal - Electrolytic etching for etch pits
Copper single crystal - Electrolytic polishing
Copper single crystals - Electrolytic polishing
Copper specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Copper specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Copper thin films - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Copper, brasss, bronzes - Electrolytic polishing
Copper, brasss, bronzes - Electrolytic polishing
Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium (Cu-Co-Be) - Electric contact material
Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium (Cu-Co-Be) - Electric contact material
Copper-Cobalt-Silicon (Cu-Co-Si) - Electric contact material
Copper-Cobalt-Silicon (Cu-Co-Si) - Electric contact material
Copper-Graphite (Cu-C) - Electric contact material
Copper-Tungsten (Cu-W) - Electric contact material
Corke and Amelincky's electropolish solution - Cu-Pt alloy - Electrolytic etch
Coronze CDA 638 alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Crowell's etchant - Cu-Sn-Ag dental alloys - Chemical etching
Crowell's etchant - Cu-Sn-Ag dental alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu (100) wafers - Chemical polishing
Cu (111) single crystal - Chemical cleaning
Cu (111) single crystal wafers - Dislocation etching
Cu (111) wafers - Electrolytic polishing
Cu (111) wafers - Gas cleaning
Cu (111) wafers- Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu (111) within 2-3? orientation - Dislocation etching
Cu (1O0) single crystal wafers - Gas removal
Cu (OFHC), Cu-30% Zn alloy - Dislocation etching
Cu OFHC copper specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu alloys, Cu-Si alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu alloys, brasses, Cu-Be alloys, Al bronzes without eutectoid, Alpaca - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu and Cu alloy parts - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu and Cu alloy specimens - Chemical etching - General etchant
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical cleaning
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys - General macrostructure
Cu and Cu alloys - General macrostructure
Cu and Cu alloys - General macrostructure
Cu and Cu alloys - General macrostructure
Cu and Cu alloys - General macrostructure
Cu and Cu alloys - General macrostructure
Cu and Cu alloys as sheet or foil - Chemical cleaning
Cu and Cu alloys except Sn bronze - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and Cu alloys, Be bronzes - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu and Cu-Zn and Cu-Sn alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and Cu-base alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu and all brasses I - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Cu and all brasses II - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Cu and all brasses III - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Cu and alloy - For copper, brass and nickel silver - General microstructure
Cu and alloy parts - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu and alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and alloys - Chemical etching
Cu and brass - General macrostructure
Cu bicrystals - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu brases, bronzes - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu brass - General macrostructure
Cu cryogenic trailer piping - Chemical cleaning
Cu ferrite - CuO 0.33/2.5 Fe2O3 - General microstructure
Cu oxide (Cu2O) - Chemical polishing, thinning
Cu oxide - Chemical polishing, thinning
Cu oxides - Chemical ecthing - General microstructure
Cu oxides - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu oxides-single crystals - Chemical polishing - General microstructure
Cu parts as sheet, pans and piping - Mineral cleaning
Cu piping - Chemical cleaning
Cu piping on cryogenic transport tailers - Chemical cleaning
Cu single crystal ingots - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu single crystal specimens - Acid cleaning
Cu single crystal specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu single crystal specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu single crystal specimens - Chemical polishing
Cu single crystal specimens - Chemical polishing
Cu single crystal specimens - Chemical polishing
Cu single crystal specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal specimens - Physical etching - General microstructure
Cu single crystal sphere - Acid oxidation
Cu single crystal sphere - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu single crystal sphere - Gas, preferential
Cu single crystal spheres - Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal spheres - Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal spheres - Electrolytic polishing
Cu single crystal spheres - Electrolyticlytic oxide removal
Cu single crystal spheres - Salt, removal/preferential
Cu single crystal spheres - Acid oxidation
Cu single crystal spheres - Gas, preferential
Cu single crystal spheres - Thermal forming
Cu single crystal spheres - Thermal forming
Cu single crystal wafers - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu single crystal wafers - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu single crystal wafers - Dislocation etching
Cu single crystal wafers of various orientations - Dislocation etching
Cu single crystals - Chemical cleaning
Cu single crystals - Deformation
Cu specimens - Acid cutting
Cu specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu specimens - Chemical polishing
Cu specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cu specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cu specimens - Gas corrosion
Cu specimens and copper alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu specimens and copper alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu thin films evaporated on NaCl - Acid, float-off
Cu wire and OFHC copper parts - Chemical polishing/cleaning
Cu wire and coupons - Chemical cleaning
Cu, 25% Pb, 0.75% Ag alloy - Chemical etching
Cu, Cu-Al alloys, brass - General macrostructure
Cu, alpha brass - Chemical polishing
Cu, brass (high Zn content) - Attack polishing
Cu, brass - General macrostructure
Cu, high Cu alloys, phosphor bronze - General macrostructure
Cu, high Cu alloys, phosphorus, tin bronzes - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Cu-30% Zn alloy - Attack polishing
Cu-30% Zn alloy - Dislocation etching
Cu-30% Zn alloy - Dislocation etching
Cu-35% Zn alloy - Dislocation etching
Cu-4.85% Si alloy - Chemical polishing
Cu-48.9% alloy (atomic %) - Dislocation etching
Cu-8% Al alloy, Cu-0.5% Be alloy, Cu-5% Al-2% Si alloy - Chemical polishing
Cu-Ag alloy - Alloy with 20 wt % Ag
Cu-Ag alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Ag alloys - Grain boundary etching (primary and deformed)
Cu-Ag-Ni alloy - 23Cu-75Ag-2Ni
Cu-Al alloy - Alloys with 5.5-7.5% Al - General microstructure
Cu-Al alloy single crystal - Alloy with 0.3-0.7 at.% Al
Cu-Al alloys (to 50%) - Dislocation etching
Cu-Al and Cu-Be alloys - Electrolytic etching
Cu-Al system - Electrolytic thinning by Bollmann technique
Cu-Al-Fe alloy - Alloy with 9% Al and up to 4% Fe
Cu-Al-Fe alloy - Ampco 8 6.3% Al, 2-5% Fe
Cu-Al-Mn system - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Al-Ni alloy - 82-83% Cu, 14-15% Al, 3% Ni
Cu-Al-Ni alloy - Chemical polishing
Cu-Al-Ni alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Al-Ni-Fe alloy - Cu-10Al-5Ni-5Fe - General microstructure
Cu-Al-Si-Co alloy - Coronze CDA 638 95Cu-2.8Al-1.8Si-0.4Co
Cu-Al-Ti alloy - Cu-2% Ti-2.3-5% Al
Cu-Al-Ti alloy - Cu-9.5Al-0.75/2.5Ti
Cu-As alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Au alloys - Chemical etching
Cu-Au alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Au alloys - Electrolytic polishing and micro etching
Cu-Au alloys - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Au alloys - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Au alloys - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Au alloys - Primary etching (cast structures, segregation)
Cu-Au alloys - Secondary etching
Cu-Au and Cu-Au-Zn alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Au single crystal (Cu3Au) - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-B alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Be alloys - Chemical etching
Cu-Be alloys - Chemical etching
Cu-Be alloys - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Be alloys - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Be alloys - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Be alloys - Electrolytic thinning by Bolmann technique
Cu-Be alloys - Electrolytic thinning by Mirand-Saulnier technique
Cu-Be spring shim stock - Chemical cleaning
Cu-Be-Co alloys - Cu-2% Be-0.3% Co
Cu-Be-Ni alloy specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Bi alloys - Electrolytic etching
Cu-Ce alloy - Electrolytic and chemical etching
Cu-Co alloy - Alloy with 2 at.% Co
Cu-Co alloy - Alpha or beta brass, Cu-Fe, Cu-Co, Co, Cd
Cu-Co alloy - Cast alloys <= 7 at.% Co
Cu-Co alloy - Cu-2/3% Co
Cu-Co alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Cr alloy - Alloys with < at.% Cr - General microstructure
Cu-Cr eutectic alloy - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Cr-Zr alloy - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Fe alloy - Alloy with < 5.5 at.% Fe
Cu-Fe alloy - Alloy with 2.5% Fe - Physical etching
Cu-Fe alloy - Alloy with 50% Cu - General microstructure
Cu-Fe alloy - Alpha or beta brass, Cu-Fe, Cu-Co, Co, Cd
Cu-Fe single crystal - Up to 1.58 wt.% Fe
Cu-Fe, Cu-Co alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Fe-Ni alloy - 19Cu-61Fe-20Ni
Cu-Fe-Ni alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-Ga - In selenide-CuGa(x)In(1-x)Se2 - General microstructure
Cu-Ga alloy - Alloys with < 14.5 at.% Cu - Chemical polishing
Cu-Ga alloy - Beta phase quenched alloys
Cu-Ga alloy specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Ga alloy specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Ga alloys - Chemical polishing
Cu-Ga sulphide (CuGeS2 single crystal) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Ga-Zn alloy - Cu-20.4 at.% Zn-12.5 at.% Ga
Cu-Ge alloy - Alloy with 6 at.% Ge - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ge alloy - Alloy with 8.5 at.% Ge - Chemical thinning
Cu-Ge alloy - Alloys with < 9.5 at.% Ge - Chemical polishing
Cu-Ge alloy - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ge alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Ge alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-Ge alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ge alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ge alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ge oxide system - Cu-GeO2 - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ge-Sn alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-In alloy - Alloy with 9% In - Chemical etching and electrolytic thinning
Cu-In alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-In eutectoid-31.4% In - General microstructure
Cu-In-Se (CuInSe2) - Chemical polishing
Cu-In-Se (CuInSe2) - Chemical polishing
Cu-In-Se single crystals (CuInSe2) - Chemical etching - Aqua regia
Cu-In-Te - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Mg alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Mg-Ca alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Mn alloy - Alloys with < 50 at.% Mn - General microstructure
Cu-Nb alloy - Cu-15-20Nb - General microstructure
Cu-Nb-Sn system - Cu-0.3/1.0Nb-0.2/0.5Sn - General microstructure
Cu-Ni alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Ni alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-Ni alloys - Electrolytic etching
Cu-Ni alloys - Physical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Ni-Al alloys - Chemical etching
Cu-Ni-Cr alloy - Cu-32Ni-2Cr - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Ni-Fe alloy - Cathodic etching - General microstructure
Cu-Ni-Fe alloy - Chemical and electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ni-Fe system - 32-64% Cu, 27-46% Ni, 9-23% Fe
Cu-Ni-Fe system - 50/70 at.% Cu - 33/19 at.% Ni - 15/11 at.% Fe
Cu-Ni-Mn alloy - Cu-20Ni-20Mn - General microstructure
Cu-Ni-Nb alloy - Cu-30Ni-1Nb - General microstructure
Cu-Ni-Sn alloy - Cu-15Ni-8Sn
Cu-Ni-Sn alloy - Cu-15Ni-8Sn - General microstructure
Cu-Ni-Ti alloy - 27/47Ni-7/29Cu-44/46Ti - TiNixCu(1-x)
Cu-Ni-Ti alloy - Cu-5Ni-2.5Ti - General microstructure
Cu-Ni-Ti alloy - Jet electrolytic thinning - Cu-5-16Ni-4-4.5Ti
Cu-Ni-Zn alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Ni-Zr alloy - Ni-30Cu+0.2Zr - alloy Monel
Cu-P alloy - Cu-5-10% P - General microstructure
Cu-Pb alloy - Selective etchant to allow SEM examination
Cu-Pb alloys - Attack polishing
Cu-Pb alloys - Good up to 30% Pb
Cu-Pd thin film - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Pt alloy - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Pt alloy - Electrolytic thinning as Corke
Cu-Pt alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-Si alloy - Cu-0.24% SiO2 - General microstructure
Cu-Si alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Si alloys - Chemical etching
Cu-Si alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Si system - Electrolytic thinning by Bollman technique
Cu-Si system - For alloys with 1% Si - Dislocation etch
Cu-Si system - For alloys with 17-25 at.% Si - General microstructure
Cu-Si-Zn alloy - Copper rich alloys - General microstructure
Cu-Si-Zn alloys - Chemical etching
Cu-Sn (30%) standard bronze - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Sn alloy - Electrolytic thinning by modified Mirand-Saulnier technique
Cu-Sn alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-Sn alloys - For alloys with 5 at.% Sn - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Sn-As alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Sn-Zn alloy - Cu-34 wt.% Zn-4% Si - General microstructure
Cu-Te alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Ti alloy - Cu-1% Ti - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ti alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Ti alloys - For alloys with < 5 wt.% Ti
Cu-Ti alloys - For alloys with < 9.5 at.% Ti
Cu-Ti alloys - For alloys with 1-4% Ti
Cu-V alloy - For alloys with < 14.7 at.% V and > 94 at.% V
Cu-W composite - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Zn alloy - 52.55 at.% Cu - 48.45 at.% Zn - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloy - 58 at % Cu - 42 at.% Zn - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloy - Alloys with low Zn content - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloy - Alloys with up to 35% Zn - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloy - Copper and Cu-Zn alloys
Cu-Zn alloy - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Zn alloy - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Zn alloy - Electrolytic thinning by Bollmann technique
Cu-Zn alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-Zn alloy - Electrolytic thinning by window technique
Cu-Zn alloy - Zn rich alloys - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloy specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloys (90-10 brass) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloys (alpha-brass) - Chemical etching
Cu-Zn alloys (alpha-brass) - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Zn alloys (gamma brass) - Electrolytic thinning
Cu-Zn alloys - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Cu-Zn alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Zn alloys - For alloys with < 30 at.% Zn
Cu-Zn alloys - For alloys with 38% Zn - General microstructure
Cu-Zn-Al alloy - 47Cu-21Zn-2Al
Cu-Zn-Al alloy - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Zn-Al alloy - Cu68Zn15Al17
Cu-Zn-Al alloy - Electrolytic thinning and polishing
Cu-Zn-Be alloys - Cu-20/30% Zn-0.11% Be - Chemical thinning and electrolytic polishing
Cu-Zn-Ga alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Cu-Zn-Mn alloy - 44-48% Zn, 1-4% Mn - General microstructure
Cu-Zn-Ni alloy - 45-48% Zn, 2-5% Ni
Cu-Zn-Ni alloy - IN 836 48Cu-37Zn-15Ni
Cu-Zn-Ni-Mn alloy - Alloy IN 629 Cu-28Ni-15Ni-13Mn. alloy IN 836 Cu-38Zn-16Ni-0.1Mn
Cu-Zn-Ni-Mn alloy - Alloy IN 829 44Cu-28Zn-15Ni-13Mn - General microstructure
Cu-Zn-Sn alloy - 64 at.% Cu-33.5 at.% Zn-2.5 at.% Sn
Cu-Zn-Sn alloy - No etching
Cu-Zr alloy (CuZr) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Zr alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu-Zr alloys - For alloys with 40 wt.% Zr
Cu20 thin films - Acid oxidation
Cu2O native oxide-Oxide removal
Cu2O as a native oxide - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu2O as a native oxide on copper surfaces - Acid removal
Cu2O as a native oxide thin film on surfaces - Oxide removal
Cu2O material - Chemical polishing
Cu2O specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu2O thin films - Chemical cleaning
Cu2Sb and SbAu2Sb specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu3Au single crystal specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cu3Au single crystal specimens - Electrolytic polishing
Cu4Te3 specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu6PS3-halogens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Cu6PS5-I single crystal - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuBr single crystals - Chemical polishing
CuCl single crystals - Chemical polishing
CuGaS2 single crystals - Chemical cleaning
CuGaSe3 single crystal - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuGaTe2 single crystals - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuGe2P3 single crystal ingots - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuI single crystals - Chemical polishing
CuInS2 (112) wafers - Dislocation etching
CuInS2 (112) wafers - Dislocation etching
CuInS2 (112) wafers - Dislocation etching
CuInS2 n-type wafers - Chemical polishing
CuInS2 n-type wafers - Photo etch-polishing
CuInS2 wafer - Chemical polishing
CuInS2 wafers - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuInSe2 p-type wafers - Chemical cleaning
CuInSe2 single crystal - Chemical polishing/staining
CuInSe2 wafers - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuInTe2 single crystals - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuInTe2 thin films - Acid, float-off
CuInTe2 thin films - Chemical thinning
CuNi single crystal specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuS specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuZn (30%) specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
CuZn (30%) specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Electroless copper plating 1
Etchant for copper wire - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Etches the (100) texture of Cu - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Extraction replica etchant for Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Fe-Cu-Ni alloy - Fe-2Cu-2Ni - Electrolytic polishing
Grard's No. 1 etchant - Cu alloys
High purity alloy of Cu and 10% Zn - Chemical etching
Jong's color etchant - OFHC copper - Tint etching
Klemm's I etchant - Alpha and beta brass - Tint etching
Klemm's I tint etchant - Brass, bronze
Klemm's II etchant - Alpha brass - Tint etching
Klemm's III etchant - Bronze alloys - Tint etching
Klemm's III tint etchant - General microstructure
Klemm's etchant II - Cu and Cu alloys and soft solders
Klemm's etchant II - Cu and Cu alloys with soft solders - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Klemm's etchant III - Pure Cu and Cu alloys
Klemm's etchant III - Pure Cu, leaded bronze, bronzes, alpha/beta brasses, Al bronze, Be bronze - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lenoir's etchant, modified - Cu-Al-Mn alloy - Alloys with 3-4% Cu, 0.5 Mn
Livingstone's etchant, Young's etchant - Copper single crystal - Etching for etch pits
Matte's dip etchant - Cu and Cu alloy parts
Monel - Electrolytic polishing
Monel - Electrolytic polishing
Murakami's etchant - Copper-Tungsten (Cu-W) - Electric contact material
OFHC copper, Cu-Zn alloys (10-15% Zn), Cu-7.5% Al alloy - Chemical polishing
Permanent magnet materials - CuNiFe, grain size and structure of the solid-solution alloy
Phosphor bronze alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pickling's anodizing solution - Brass, bronze, and copper alloys - Chemical cleaning
Pondo's etchant - Copper
Pondo's etchant - Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical etching
Pondo's etchant - Cu-Sn alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pondo's etchant - For Cu alloys
Pure Copper - Electrolytic polishing
Pure Cu - Electrolytic etching
Pure Cu and Cu-5% Be, Cu-1% Zr, Cu-0.3% Be-2% Ni alloys - Potentiostatic etching
Pure Cu with/without oxide and sulfide inclusions - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pure Cu, Cu-0.5% Be, Cu-1% Zr, Cu-0.3% Be-2% Ni alloys - Potentiostatic etching
Pure Cu, brasses, Al bronzes, Cu-Ni and Cu-Ag alloys, Alpaca - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pure Cu, brasses, Alpaca, bronzes, grain boundary etchant - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pure copper - Electrolytic polishing
Red brass specimens - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Red brass specimens - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Scale dip etchant - Cu and Cu alloys - Chemical cleaning
Silicon brass or bronze - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Struer's D-2 etchant - Copper and copper alloys - Electrolytic etching
Tint etch of Lienard and Pacque's - For Cu-Al alloys
Vilella's etchant - Cu-Pb alloys - Chemical etching

Copyright © 2017 by Steel Data. All Rights Reserved.