Etchants for Lead and Alloys

60Pb-40Sn #62 solder - Chemical cleaning
ASTM etchant No. 112 - Pb + Ca alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 112 - Pb+Ca alloys
ASTM etchant No. 113 - Pb + Ca alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 113 - Acetic/nitric - Pb + <2 Sb alloys
ASTM etchant No. 113 - Pb + >2 Sb alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 114 - Acetic/nitric - Pb + <2 Sb alloys
ASTM etchant No. 114 - Pb + >2 Sb alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 114Pb + <2 Sb alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 115 - Pb + <2 Sb alloys
ASTM etchant No. 115 - Pb + <2 Sb alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 116 - Pb alloys
ASTM etchant No. 116 - Pb alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 117b - Pb alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 57 - Pb + <2 Sb - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 57 - Pure lead - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 74b - Pb + <2 Sb - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 74b - Pb + >2 Sb - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 74b - Pb Babbitt - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No. 74b - Sn-Pb alloys - Chemical etching
ASTM etchant No.57 - Pb + >2 Sb - Chemical etching
Adcock etchant - Lead - Electrolytic etching
Adcock etchant - Pb-Sb alloys - Electrolytic etching
Alpha phase in Pb-Bi and Pb-Sb alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Antimonial lead I - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Antimonial lead II - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Antimonial lead III - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Antimonial lead IV - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Aqua regia - Lead sulphide (PbS) - Chemical polishing
Aqua regia - Lead sulphide-selenide (PbS(1-x) x Se(x)) - Chemical etching
Aqua regia, dilute - Pb-Te-Co system - Lead telluride-Cobalt section
Coates's etchant - Pb-Sn-Te alloys
Coates's etchant - Pb-Sn-Te alloys (Pb(1-x)Sn(x)Te, x <= 0.03) - Chemical polishing and etching
Epsilon phase in Pb-Sb-Sn alloys - Chemical etching
Etching on a 90% Pb-Sn - Grain bondaries etching
Iodate etchant- PbTe (100) wafers - Chemical etching
Lead - All Pb alloys - Hard lead - High Pb white metals and type metals
Lead - Chemical and electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Lead - Chemical etching
Lead - Chemical polishing
Lead - Dislocation etching
Lead - Electrolytic etching
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - Electrolytic polishing
Lead - General macrostructure
Lead - General macrostructure
Lead - Grain contrast
Lead - Grain contrast - Welded seams - Layers
Lead - Lead solder - Pb-Sb alloys and high Pb white metals and type metals
Lead - Lead solders - Pb-Sn alloys
Lead - Pb and Pb alloys - Hard lead and high Pb white metals and type metals
Lead - Pb containing Sb - Grain contrast
Lead - Pb, Pb-Sb and Pb-Sn alloys - General microstructure
Lead - Pb, Pb-Sn, Pb-Cd, Pb-Ca alloys - Pb containing Cu and bronzes
Lead - Pure Pb, Pb-Sb, Pb-Ca alloys - Grain boundaries
Lead - Pure and low alloy Pb - Removal of deformed layers
Lead - Universal electrolyte
Lead alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Lead and its alloys - Antimonial lead
Lead and its alloys - Antimonial lead - Bright etch, grain structure
Lead and its alloys - Antimonial lead - Chemical polish-etch
Lead and its alloys - Antimonial lead - For grain structure
Lead and its alloys - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General macrostructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead and lead alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead and lead alloys - Development of microstructures and grain boundaries in lead
Lead and lead alloys - Electrolytic etching
Lead and lead alloys - Electrolytic etching
Lead and lead alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Lead and lead alloys - Pb-Sb alloys
Lead arsenic alloys (Pb-As) - For lead rich alloys
Lead free solder - Chemical etching
Lead glass (PbO-SiO2) - 25/35 mol.% PbO-75/65 mol.% SiO2
Lead niobate (modified) - Grain boundary etching
Lead oxide-boric oxide glass - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead oxide-vanadium oxide-germanium oxide glass (Ge-O-Pb-V) - 4/55 V2O5-1/36 PbO-65/9 GeO2
Lead single crystal - Chemical polishing
Lead specimen - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead specimen - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Lead sulphide (PbS) - Chemical polishing
Lead sulphide (PbS) - Chemical polishing and etching
Lead sulphide (PbS) - Sample preparation
Lead sulphide (PbS) - To delineate p-n junction
Lead sulphide-selenide (PbS(0.6)Se(0.4)) - To delineate p-n junction
Lead telluride (Pb-Te) - Chemical polishing
Lead telluride (Pb-Te) - Chemical polishing and etching
Lead telluride (Pb-Te) - Electrolytic polishing
Lead telluride (Pb-Te) - Etching for etch pits
Lead telluride (Pb-Te) - Ething for etch pits
Lead telluride (Pb-Te) - Polishing procedure
Lead telluride (Pb-Te) system - Electrolytic polishing
Lead-lanthanum zirconate titanate - (Pb-La) (Zr-Ti)O3
Lead-strontium-titanate zirconate - (Pb0.94Sr0.06) x (Zr0.53Ti0.43)O3
Lead-strontium-titanate zirconate - Thermal etching
Macro etchant for Pb and Pb alloys - General macrostructure
PLZT [(Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O3] - Chemical etching
PLZT [(Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O3] - Chemical etching
PZT (PbZrTiO) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
PZT materials (O-Pb-Ti-Zr) - Chemical ecthing
PZT materials (O-Pb-Ti-Zr) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
PZT materials (O-Pb-Ti-Zr) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
PZT materials (O-Pb-Ti-Zr) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb (100) wafers - Chemical cleaning
Pb (100) wafers - Chemical etching
Pb (100) wafers - Chemical polishing
Pb (100) wafers - Electrolytic polishing
Pb alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb alloys and solders - Chemical etching
Pb and Pb alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb and Pb alloys - For etching high Pb content alloys a 5% solution is recommended
Pb and Pb alloys - General macrostructure
Pb and Pb alloys - General macrostructure
Pb and Pb alloys - Pb, Pb-Sb, Pb-Ca and Pb-Sn alloys
Pb and Pb alloys - Pb, Pb-Sb, Pb-Ca and Pb-Sn alloys with low tin content
Pb and Pb-Sn alloys (up to 2% Sb) - Electrolytic etching
Pb and Pb-Sn alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and alloys - Chemical etching
Pb and most alloys - General macrostructure
Pb containing less than 2 Sb - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb samples - Chemical etching
Pb single crystal ingots - Chemical etching
Pb single crystal specimens - Chemical polishing
Pb solders and Pb-type alloys - Chemical etching
Pb specimens - Chemical cleaning
Pb specimens - Chemical etching
Pb specimens - Chemical polishing
Pb specimens - Oxide removal
Pb specimens and lead alloys - Chemical etching
Pb specimens and single crystal ingots - Chemical etching
Pb telluride - Attack polishing
Pb telluride - Chemical etching
Pb(NO3)2 grown as single crystals - Chemical polishing
Pb, Pb-Sn alloys (up to 25% Sn) - Chemical etching
Pb, Pb-Sn alloys (up to 3% Sn), and Pb solders - Chemical etching
Pb, Pb-Sn, Pb-Sn-Cd, Pb-Sn-Sb - Electrolytic polishing
Pb-Ag alloys (Pb-rich) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Ag eutectic alloy specimens - Chemical etching
Pb-Ag specimen alloys - Electrolytic polishing/etching
Pb-Ag-Sb alloys (Pb-rich) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-As-Sb alloys - For lead rich alloys
Pb-As-Sn-Bi alloys - General macrostructure
Pb-As-Sn-Bi alloys, grain-contrast etchant - Chemical etching
Pb-Au alloys - For Pb rich alloys - General microstructure
Pb-Bi alloys - Chemical and physical etching
Pb-Bi alloys - Chemical etching
Pb-Ca alloys (Pb rich) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Ca alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Ca alloys, inclusions, grain-boundary etchant - Chemical etching
Pb-Cd alloys (Pb rich) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Cd and Pb-Sn alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Cd telleride-Pb(1-x) Cd(x) Te, x <= 0.03
Pb-Cd, Pb-Sn, and Pb-Sb alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Cd-Sb alloys (Pb rich) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Li alloys (Pb rich) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Sb alloys - Chemical etching
Pb-Sb alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Sb alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb-Sb alloys - General macrostructure
Pb-Sb alloys, grain-contrast etchant - Chemical etching
Pb-Sb alloys, grain-contrast etchant - Chemical etching
Pb-Sb alloys, hard lead - White metal and type metal with high Pb content - Chemical etching
Pb-Sb-Cu alloys - General macrostructure
Pb-Sb-Cu alloys, grain-contrast etchant - Chemical etching
Pb-Se-Te system (PbSe(1-x)Te(x)) - Polishing-etching
Pb-Sn + 2% Ag, solder - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Sn + Ag as various other alloys with or without silver - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Sn alloy - Chemical cleaning
Pb-Sn alloy contacts on silicon diodes - Chemical cleaning
Pb-Sn alloys (Pb rich) - Sample preparation
Pb-Sn alloys (low Pb) - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Sn alloys - Chemical etching
Pb-Sn alloys - Chemical etching
Pb-Sn alloys - Chemical etching
Pb-Sn alloys - Electrolytic polishing
Pb-Sn eutectic - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pb-Sn eutectic - Electrolytic polishing
Pb-Sn eutectic alloy specimens - Chemical etching
Pb-Sn eutectics, solders - Chemical etching
Pb-Sn selenide (Pb(1-x)Sn(x)Se) - Electrolytic polishing and etching
Pb-Sn-Ag (2%), alloy #63 - Chemical cleaning
Pb-Sn-Te system (Pb(1-x)Sn(x))(1-y) Te(y) - Electrolytic polishing and etching
Pb-Sn-Te system - Chemical polishing
Pb-Sn-Te system - Electrolytic etching - General microstructure
Pb-Te-Au system - PbTe-Au section of the diagram
Pb-Te-Fe system - Lead telluride - Iron section
Pb-Ti eutectic alloy specimens - Chemical etching
Pb-rich alloys - Chemical etching
PbAg specimens of alloys - Electrolytic etching
PbGeTe single crystal ingots - Chemical etching
PbI2 as thin crystal platelets - Chemical etching
PbMoO4 single crystals - Pressure
PbO native oxide - Chemical etching
PbO single crystal plates - Cutting
PbS (100) cleaved wafers - Chemical cleaning
PbS (100) wafers - Chemical polishing
PbS (100) wafers - Chemical polishing/etching
PbS (100) wafers - Dislocation etching
PbS (100) wafers - Electrolytic polishing
PbS - Chemical etching - General microstructure
PbS specimen - Chemical etching - General microstructure
PbS, PbSe - Dislocation etching
PbSe (100) cleaved wafers - Chemical cleaning
PbSe (100) wafers - Eelectrolytic polishing/thinning
PbSe (100) wafers and other orientations - Chemical etching
PbSe (100) wafers and other orientations - Chemical polishing
PbSe (100) wafers and other orientations - Electrolytic polishing
PbSe - Dislocation etching
PbSnSe (100) wafers - Electrolytic polishing
PbSnTe (100) wafers - Chemical etching
PbSnTe (100) wafers - Chemical polishing
PbSnTe (100) wafers - Chemical polishing/etching
PbSnTe (100) wafers - Electrolytic polishing
PbTe (100) and PbSnTe (100) wafers - Electrolytic polishing
PbTe (100) cleaved wafers - Chemical etching
PbTe (100) p-type wafers - Oxide removal
PbTe (100) wafers - Chemical etching
PbTe (100) wafers - Chemical etching
PbTe (100) wafers - Chemical polishing
PbTe (100) wafers - Chemical polishing
PbTe (100) wafers - Dislocation etching
PbTe (100) wafers - Electrolytic polishing/etching
PbTe - Dislocation etching
PbTe - Dislocation etching
PbTe specimen - Thermal etching for etch pits
PbTe thin film - Acid float-off
PbZrO3 single crystal specimens - Chemical polishing
PbZrO3 single crystal specimens - Chemical polishing
PbZrO3 single crystal specimens - Chemical polishing
Phosphides, sulfides - PbS - General microstructure
PtSb2 - Dislocation etching
Pure Pb - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pure Pb - Chemical polishing
Pure Pb, Pb alloys - Chemical polishing
Pure Pb, Pb-Ca alloys, Pb with less than 2% Sb - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pure Pb, Pb-Ca and Pb-Cu alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pure Pb, Pb-Na alloys - Chemical etching - General microstructure
Pure Pb, Pb-Sn and Pb-Ca alloys - Chemical etching
Russell's etchant - Pb-Sb alloys - General macrostructure
Russell?s etchant - Pb and Pb alloys
Vilella and Beregekoff's etchant - Pb and most Pb alloys - General macrostructure
Vilella and Beregekoff's etchant - Pb-Sn alloys
Vilella's and Beregekoff's etchant - Pb-Sb alloys, grain boundary etchant - Chemical etching
Voce's etchant - Pb-Sb alloys - General macrostructure
Worner and Worner's etchant - Pb-Sb alloys - General macrostructure

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