Etchants for Steels

0.3P bearing stainless steel-Fe-18Cr-10Ni-0.3P
0.52C-15Cr steel-Chemical etching
100Cr6 steel-Carbide contrasting
1045 forged steel
1212 steels
14CrMOV6-3 steel-Sample preparation
14MoV6-3 steel-Electrolytic-potentiostatic isolation of residues
17-4-PM stainless steel-0.04C-16.5Cr-3.6Cu-4.25Ni-0.25Mn
18% Ni maraging steels
18/8 and 13-30% Cr steels-Revelas the grain boundaries of the matrix
18/8 Stainless steel specimens-Etching to reveal ingot structure
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 Stainless steels-Etching for delta ferrite
18/8 stainless steel-To distinguish between austenite and ferrite
18-8 type 304 stainless steel-Chemical etching
20-20 and 25-20 Cr-Ni steels-For distinguishing carbides and sigma phase
3% Si-Fe specimen-Electrolytic polishing
3% silicon iron-Electropolishing
310 stainless steel-Fe-25Cr-21Ni-1.3Mn-0.7Si-0.3Mo-0.25Cu-0.04C
316 stainless steel-Fe-16/18Cr-10/14Ni-2/3Mo-max.2Mn-max.1Si (+ < 0.08 C)
316 stainless steels
347 stainless steel
4340 annealed steel-Chemical etching
A286 stainless steel - Standard and modified-Fe-20/30Ni-14/15Cr-0.02/0.06C-2/2.5Ti-0.2/1.0Al-0.1/1.5Mn-1/4Mo-0.1/0.6Si (+ B, V)
Adler's etch
AFC 77 martensitic stainless steel
Age-hardenable stainless steels
AISI 304 steel
AISI 316 stainless steel-Fe-0.06C-<2Mn-<1Si-10/14Ni-16/18Cr
AISI 316 stainless steel-Fe-17.5Cr-10Ni-2.5Mo-2Mn-0.5Si-0.1C
AISI 321 stainless steel-Fe-18Cr-8Ni-0.4Ti
AISI 347 stainless steel-Fe-18Cr-8Ni-0.4Nb
AISI 4140N steel
Al-killed drawing steel-Fe-0.07C-0.3Mn-0.03/0.05Al
All unalloyed amd low alloy steels, microalloy steels, manganese steels, welds-Chemical etching
Alloy and high speed steels-Universal electrolyte
Alloy steel specimens-Color etching. Colors pearlite and hardened structures of unlloyed steel specimens
Alloy steels - Dilute aqua regia
Alloy steels with Ni, Co-Chemical etching
Alloy steels with Ni, Co-Chemical etching
Alloy steels-Color etching. Colors ferrite grains. Reveals banded structures. Used in carbon and alloy steels
Alloy steels-Color etching. Colors the martensite in Fe-C alloys
Alloy steels-Color etching. For carbon, alloy and Fe-Mn (5-18% Mn) steels
Alloy steels-Color etching. For carbon, alloy and manganese steels. Colors ferrite grains. carbides and phosphides remain white
Alloy steels-Color etching. For carbon, alloy and tool steels
Alloy steels-Color etching. For Mn, Mn-C, Mn-Cr steels
Alloy steels-Colour etchant
Alloy steels-Electrolytic polishing
Alloy steels-Electrolytic polishing
Alloy steels-Electrolytic polishing
Alloy steels-Revealing prior austenite grain in alloy steels
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed ferrite steels-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Alloyed steels with up to 9% Ni-Electropolishing
Austenite grain boundaries in case-hardened steels and steels for hardening and tempering-Chemical etching
Austenite grain boundaries in case-hardened steels-Chemical etching
Austenite grain boundaries in cold-worked steels-Chemical etching
Austenite grain boundaries in cold-worked steels-Chemical etching
Austenite grain boundaries in valve steels. Hardening and tempering steels, case-hardening steels-Chemical etching
Austenitic 18/8 stainless steels
Austenitic and Ferritic-Austenitic stainless steels-Chemical etching
Austenitic CrNi steels-Chemical etching
Austenitic CrNi steels-Chemical etching
Austenitic Mn steels
Austenitic Mn steels
Austenitic nickel steels-Chemical etching
Austenitic stainless steel
Austenitic stainless steel
Austenitic stainless steel-Fe-0.02/0.13 C-0.3/1.6Si-0.4/8.0Mn-16/27 Cr-5/21 Ni-0.1/5.0 Mo-0/0.4 Cu
Austenitic stainless steel-Fe-0.02/0.13C-0.2/1.6Si-0.4/8.0Mn-16/27Cr-5/21Ni-0.1/5.0Mn-0/01.9N
Austenitic stainless steel-Fe-0.02/0.13C-0.3/1.6Si-0.4/8.0Mn-16/27Cr-5/21Ni-0.1/5.0Mo-0/0.8Nb
Austenitic stainless steel-Fe-0.02/0.13C-0.3/1.6Si-0.7/8.0Mn-16/27Cr-5/21Ni-0.1/5.0Mo
Austenitic stainless steel-Fe-0.02/0.13C-0.3/1.6Si-0.7/8.0Mn-16/27Cr-5/21Ni-4.0/5.0Mo-0/0.6Ti
Austenitic stainless steels - Aqua regia
Austenitic stainless steels - Dilute aqua regia
Austenitic stainless steels - Glyceregia
Austenitic stainless steels - Marbles reagent
Austenitic stainless steels - Methanolic aqua regia
Austenitic stainless steels and high alloy nickel steels-Electrolytic etching
Austenitic stainless steels and high alloy nickel steels-Electrolytic etching
Austenitic stainless steels, maraging steels, PH gredes - Beraha's tint etch
Austenitic stainless steels, Ni-based alloys - Lepito's No. 1
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels
Austenitic stainless steels-Attacks carbides and sigma phase
Austenitic steels, CrNi steels , N-alloyed-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNi steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
Austenitic steels, CrNiMo steels-Electropolishing
B2 high temperature steel-Fe-9.3Cr-1.55Mo, high temperature ferritic-martensite steel
Baumann's print
Beaujard and Tordeux`s tint etch for steels-Reveals grain boundaries and ferrite orientations
Beraha tint etch for ferrite
Beraha tint etch for pearlitic steels and and cast irons
Beraha`s lead sulfide tint etch-Chemical etching
Beraha`s tint etch for cast iron and steels
Beraha`s tint etch for iron and steels
Beraha`s tint etch for stainless steels
Beraha`s tint etch for stainless steels
Beraha's cadmium sulfide tint etch for Fe, steel, and ferritic and martensitic stainless steel
Beraha's I reagent
Beraha's II reagent
Beraha's tint etch for cast irons, steels, tool steels, Mn steels, and ferritic and martensitic stainless steels
Beraha's tint etch for irons, steels, tool steels
Beraha's tint etch for stainless steels
Beraha's tint etch for stainless steels
Berzelius etchant
Canfield's etch
Carbides in steels-Chemical ecthing
Carbon alloys-Electropolishing
Carbon and alloy steel specimens- For sulfide and oxide inclusions
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Carbon segregation
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Carburization and decarburization
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Dendritic structure of cast steel specimens
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Dendritic structure of cast steel specimens
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Grain size, weld examination
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Phosphorus rich areas, banding
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Segregation, porosity, hardness penetration, cracks, inclusions, dendrites
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Segregation, porosity, hardness penetration, cracks
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Segregation, porosity, hardness penetration, cracks
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Segregation, porosity, hardness penetration, cracks
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Segregation, porosity, hardness penetration, cracks
Carbon and alloy steel specimens-Segregation, porosity, hardness penetration, cracks
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-Detection of overheating and burning
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-Examination of inclusions
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-For austenite grain boundaries
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-For resolution of hardened structures
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-General structure (most used etchant for routine work)
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-General structure
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-General structure
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-Reveals intergranular oxidation
Carbon and alloy steels with medium carbon content-Reveals lead inclusions
Carbon and alloy steels-Develops ferrite grain boundaries in Low carbon steels
Carbon and alloy steels-Etches some alloy steels
Carbon and alloy steels-For contrast etching
Carbon and alloy steels-For detection of overheating and burning
Carbon and alloy steels-For general structure
Carbon and alloy steels-For grading inclusions
Carbon and alloy steels-For resolution of hardened structures
Carbon and alloy steels-Good general-purpose electrolyte
Carbon and alloy steels-Produces good contrast in as-quenched martensitic structures
Carbon and alloy steels-Reveals integranular oxidation
Carbon and alloy steels-Reveals lead inclusions by coloring them red
Carbon and alloy steels-Reveals lead inclusions
Carbon and alloy steels-Reveals maximum detail in pearlite, untempered and tempered martensite
Carbon and alloy steels-Reveals pearlite colonies
Carbon specimens-Thermal, forming
Carbon steel
Carbon steels, alloy steels, tool steels-Color etching
Carbon steels, slloy steels, tool steels-Color etching
Carbon steels, slloy steels, tool steels-Color etching
Carbon steels, slloy steels, tool steels-Color etching
Carbon steels, slloy steels, tool steels-Color etching
Carbon steels
Carbon steels-Color etching
Carbon steels-Color etching
Carbon steels-Color etching
Carbon steels-Color etching
Carbon steels-Color etching
Carbon steels-Color etching
Carbon steels-Color etching
Carbon steels-Electro polishing
Carbon steels-Electro polishing
Carbon steels-Electro polishing
Carbon steels-Electrolytic polishing
Carbon steels-Electrolytic polishing
Carburized steels - Alkaline sodium picrate
Cast alloy steels
Cast alloy steels
Cast alloy steels
Cast and carburized NiCr 8020 steel-Chemical etching
Cast iron specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Cast iron specimens-One of the best electrolyte for universal use
Cast iron, low-alloy steels
Cast irons
Cast irons-Blacknens cementite
Cast irons-Good general-purpose electrolyte
Cast steel CrMo130L
Cast steel CrMo130L
Cast steel CrMo130L
Cast steel PK12SPL
Cast steel PK3M-L
Cast steel PK3M-L
Coated steel sheet-Steel sheeet coated with Zn for automotive industry
Comstock's etch
Corrosion resistant cast steel HU-The composition is 37-41% Ni, 17-21% Cr, 2.5% max. Si, 0.35-0.75% C
Cr plating
Cr stainless steels-Chemical etching
Cr steel specimens-0.4.1.0 C-3.6 Cr-Fe
Cr steel-Fe-0.9/1.5C-1/8Cr
Cr steels specimens-Fe-4Cr-0.25/0.35C
Cr steels specimens-Fe-4Cr-0.3C
Cr steels-Electrolytic etching
Cr-Mo steel-Electrolytic etching
Cr-Mo steel-Fe-0.05C-10Cr-2Mo-0.5Mo-0.5Mn-0.4/0.6Si
Cr-Mo steel-Fe-0.1C-2.2Cr-0/1.5Mo
Cr-Mo steel-Fe-0.1C-2.3Cr-1Mo
Cr-Mo-Nb-V steel-Fe-0.05C-10Cr-2Mo-0.2V-up.to 0.1Nb-0.5Mn-0.4/0.6Si
Cr-Ni stainless steels-Chemical etching
Cr-Ni steels - WII etch
Cr-Ni-Fe alloys-Etching of weld structures
Cr-Ni-Si steel-Fe-0.3C-1.7Cr-3.5Ni-0.6Si
Cr-Ti steels-Fe-4Cr-0.25/0.35C-0/0.2Ti
Delta ferrite phase in 316LS austenite stainless steel-Electrolytic etching
DeSy's etch
Dickensens's reagent
Dickenson's etch
Different steels-Chemical etching
Dual phase steel etchants-Chemical etching
Duplex stainless steel-Selective etching
Duplex stainless steel-Selective etching
Duplex stainless steel-With this etch, you can easily see your sigma phase
Etchants for revealing prior austenite grain in alloy steels
Etches segregations in unalloyed and low alloy steels-Chemical etching
Etching for grain boundaries in microalloyed steel
Etch-polish of 304 stainless steel
Eutectoid steel-Fe-0.8C-0.5Mn-0.2Si
Exhaust valve steel-Fe-19Cr-8Ni-0.4C
Fe 3% Si steel-Electropolishing
Fe and most steels - Watertoen Arsenal etch
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and most steels
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe and steel
Fe as SST 401 wire 0.020 diameter-Electrolytic forming
Fe as stainless steel tubing-Chemical cleaning
Fe specimens-Chemical etching
Fe, low-alloy steels
Fe, low-alloy steels
Fe, low-carbon steels, Fe-20% Ni-5% Mn alloy
Fe, low-carbon steels, low-alloy steels
Fe, low-carbon steels
Fe, low-carbon steels
Fe, mild steel - Modified Fry's reagent
Fe, most steels, stainless steels - Vilella reagent
Fe3C steel specimens and iron specimens-Chemical etching
Fe3C-Fe specimens-Chemical etching
Fe-Co-Ni-C-Cr-Mo alloy-HY-180M steel, Fe-0.16C-14Co-10Ni-2Cr-1Mo
Fe-Cr alloy-14-18% Chromium ferrite stainless steel
Fe-Cr, Fe-Cr-Ni and Fe-Cr-Mn steels-Chemical etching
Fe-Cr-C alloy-Chemical etching
Fe-Cr-Mo alloys-14-18 Cr - 2 Mo (+ 0.05% Ti), ferritic stainless steel
Fe-Cr-Mo-Ni alloy-Fe-29Cr-4Mo-2Ni, stainless steel
Fe-Cr-Ni-Nb stainless steel-Fe-20Cr-25Ni-0.5Nb (+ C)
Fe-Ni-Al-Ti alloys-Fe-3.4Ni-1.9/2.3Al-0.7/2.1Ti
Fe-Ni-Cr alloys-Very low C stainless steel
Fe-Ni-Cr heat resistant casting alloys- Used after glyceregia; outlines carbides particles, stains sigma phase
Fe-Ni-Cr heat resistant casting alloys-Blackens sigma phase without oylining other phases
Fe-Ni-Cr heat resistant casting alloys-Electrolytic etching
Fe-Ni-Cr heat resistant casting alloys-Electrolytic etching
Fe-Ni-Cr heat resistant casting alloys-Outlines carbide and sigma
Fe-Ni-Cr heat resistant casting alloys-Stains austenite, then sigma phase, then carbide particles
Ferritic and austenitic stainless steels
Ferritic and martensitic stainless steels, Mn steels, tool steels - Beraha's tint etch
Ferritic chromium steels-Ferritic chromium steels, min. 12% Cr
Ferritic Cr steels-Chemical etching
Ferritic stainless steel with 17% Cr-Electropolishing
Ferritic stainless steels - Aqua regia plus acetic acid
Ferritic stainless steels
Ferritic stainless steels
Fe-Si alloy sheet steel
Fe-W-Mo-Cr-V-Cr alloys-Etchants for carbides
Fine-grained, heavily deformed steels
Flinn's etch
Flow lines in low carbon N2 steels, convertor steels-Chemical etching
Fry's No. 1 etch
Fry's No. 2 etch
Fry's No. 4 etch
Fry's reagent (1)
Galvanized steel or Cd coatings
Galvannel and hot-diped galvanized coatings on steels
Grain boundaries in heat treated Cr alloy steels-Chemical etching
Grain boundaries in martensitic microstructures-Chemical etching
Grain boundaries in zinc layer of electrogalvanized steel sheet
Griffis and Spretnak's etch
Groesbeck's etchant
GX6CrNi13-4 steel-Electrolytic-potentiostatic isolation of residues
GX6CrNi13-4 steel-Sample preparation
H13 tool steel
Hadfield Mn steel-Fe-1.13C-11
Heat resistant steels
Heat resistant steels-Chemical etching
Heat resisting alloys-Electrolytic polishing
Heat resisting alloys-One of the best electrolyte for universal use
Heat treated 18/8 steels-Chemical etching
Heat treated steels
Heat-resisting steels and alloys-Color etching
Heat-resisting steels and alloys-Color etching
Heat-resisting steels and alloys-Color etching
Heat-resisting steels and alloys-Color etching
Heyn's etch
Heyn's etchant
High alloy content steels-Revelas different structural constituents in high alloy steels
High alloy steel specimens-Etching to reveal segregations
High alloy steels - Schrader's modification of Vilella's etch
High alloy steels and castings-Chemical etching
High alloy steels, austenitic Mn steels, stainless steels - Glyceregia
High alloy steels-Electropolishing
High carbon silicon steel-Fe-0.75/1C-2/2.4Si, 0.4/0.8Cr-0.5Mn
High carbon steels-Colour etchant
High carbon steel-Steel with 1.2% C
High speed steels, martensitic and stainless steels
High speed steels
High speed steels
High speed steels
High speed steels
High speed steels
High speed steels-Chemical etching
High speed steels-Chemical etching
High speed steels-Electrolytic polishing
High speed steels-Electropolishing
High speed steels-To reveal grain size in quenched and tempered high speed steels
High stregth steels-Extraction of the precipitates
High temperature CrMoN steels-Electropolishing
High temperature CrMoN steels-Electropolishing
High-alloy steels, stainless steels
High-alloy steels
High-alloy steels
High-alloy steels
High-alloy steels-Electrolytic etching
High-alloy, corrosion-reistant steels-Chemical etching
High-Si irons and steels
High-temperature alloys-Electrolytic polishing
Hot-dipped galvanized steels
HSLA steels
HT 12 steel-Fe-0.08C-1.5Mn-0.3Si-0.05Nb. Etch to differentiate old and recently formed ferrite by annealing
Hypoeutectoid and hypereutectoid alloy steels
IF steel
InSn alloy specimen-Electrolytic etching
Intergranular oxidation in AISI 4150 steel-Chemical etching
Iron and steel specimens-Austenitic stainless steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-High alloy steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-High alloy steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-High alloy steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-lain and alloy steel specimens, high speed steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-Mild steel specimens, Bessemer and high N2 steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-Plain and alloy steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-Plain and alloy steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-Plain and low alloy steel specimens. For grain size and weldments
Iron and steel specimens-Stainless and high Cr steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-Stainless steel specimens, high alloy steel specimens
Iron and steel specimens-Works well on 12% Cr steel specimens
Iron and steels - Alkaline sodium picrate
Iron and steels - Beraha's lead sulfide tint etch
Iron and steels - Groesbeck's reagent
Iron and steels - Malette's reagent
Iron and steels - Modified Murakami's reagent
Iron and steels - Murakami's reagent
Iron and steels - Sulfide etch of Kunkele
Iron and steels - Whiteley's method for coloring sulfides
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels
Iron and steels-Electropolishing
Iron and steels-Electropolishing
Iron and steels-Etchant for determination of chemical and physical hetrogenity
Iron oxide layers on iron-Electrolytic etching
Iron oxide scale - Fe3O4
Iron oxide scale
Iron oxide scale
Iron specimen-Chemical polishing in hot reagent
Iron specimen-Electro polishing
Iron specimen-Electro thinning by window technique
Iron specimen-Electro thinning in PTFE holder
Iron specimen-Electro thinning
Iron specimen-Electro thinning
Iron specimen-Electro thinning
Iron specimen-Electro thinning
Iron specimen-Electrolytic polishing
Iron specimen-Electrolytic polishing
Iron specimen-Electrolytic polishing
Iron specimen-Electrolytic polishing
Iron specimen-Good general-purpose electrolyte
Iron specimen-Universal electrolyte
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Austenite and high temperature steel specimens
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Blowhole segregation. Primary structure. Fiber orientation
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Flow lines in low carbon N2 steel specimens
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Phosphorus distribution in cat steel specimens and cast iron
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Phosphorus segregation in Low carbon steel specimens
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Verification, arrangemnet, and distribution of Fe and Mn sulfide inclusions
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Versatile etchant for alloyed and unalloyed steel specimen
Iron, steel specimens, cast irons-Versatile, useful for Fe and steel specimens
Iron, steels, cast irons- Most common etchant
Iron, steels, cast irons-Austenite grain baoundaries in cold work steel
Iron, steels, cast irons-Austenite grain boundaries in case hardened steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Austenite grain boundaries
Iron, steels, cast irons-Austenite grain size boundaries in cold work steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Austenite grain size boundaries in tempered steels and case hardened steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Carbides and phosphides in low alloy steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Carbides, nitrides, phosphides, and sulfides are not attacked
Iron, steels, cast irons-Cementite (Fe3C) with up to 10% Cr is stained dark
Iron, steels, cast irons-Cr and Cr-Ni steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Differntiation of cubic and tetragonal martensite
Iron, steels, cast irons-Fe3C with more thn 10% Cr is stained more rapidly than Fe3C with less than Cr
Iron, steels, cast irons-Fe-Cr-Ni cast alloy
Iron, steels, cast irons-Generally used for iron and heat treated steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Grain boundaries in heat treated tool steel
Iron, steels, cast irons-Grain boundaries in martensitic microstructures
Iron, steels, cast irons-Grain contrast of ferrite in Low carbon steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-High alloy Cr-Ni steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Increases attack of Fe in alloyed steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Mn alloyed Cr-Ni steels. Sigma phase and ferrite
Iron, steels, cast irons-Most common etchant
Iron, steels, cast irons-Normalized steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Sgma phase etching
Iron, steels, cast irons-Stainless steels with high Cr content. Cr-Ni cast steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Steels with high Si content
Iron, steels, cast irons-Tint etchant for pure iron and carbon steels, cast iron, and alloyed steels
Iron, steels, cast irons-Verification of sigma phase
Iron-Fe and steels - Amyl nital
Iron-Fe and steels - Fry's reagent
Iron-Fe and steels - Goerens amyl picral
Iron-Fe and steels - Klemm's I etch
Iron-Fe and steels - Klemm's I reagent
Iron-Fe and steels - Marshall's reagent
Iron-Fe and steels - Nital
Iron-Fe and steels - Picral
Iron-Fe and steels - Superpicral
Iron-Fe and steels - Vilella's etch
Iron-Fe and steels - Vilella's reagent
Iron-Fe and steels -Nitrosulfuric (Wesley Austin) etch
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-Fe and steels
Iron-manganese alloys-Electro polishing
Iron-oxide layers on iron-Fe3O4-Chemical etching
Iron-oxide layers on iron-Physical etching
Iron-oxide layers on iron-Physical etching
Jin's etch
Kalling's reagent 1
Kalling's reagent 2
Klemm's etchant I
Klemm's I tint etch
Klemm's II tint etch
Le Pera's reagent
LeChatelier's No. 1 etch
LeChatelier's No. 2 etch
Lepito's etchant
Lichtenegger and Bloech's etchant
Low alloy dual-phase and TRIP steels-Chemical etching-LaPera's solution
Low alloy steel-Chemical thinning
Low alloy steel-Chemical thinning
Low alloy steels-Chemical thinning, electro polishing
Low and high alloy steels-Carbon steels, low and high alloy steels, stainless steels
Low and high alloy steels-Electro polishing
Low and high alloy steels-Electro polishing
Low carbon and pearlitic steels-Physical etching
Low carbon steel-Chemical etching
Low carbon steel-Physical etching
Low carbon steels
Low carbon steels-Chemical etching
Low carbon steels-Colour etchant
Low Mn steel-Fe-0.6/1.5C-1.1Mn
Low Mn-V steel-Fe-0.14C-1.3Mn-0.35Si-0.1V (plus Al, N)
Low Mn-V steel-Fe-0.1C-1.4Mn-0.5Si-0.1V
Low Mn-V steel-Fe-0.1C-1.5Mn-0.5Si-0.1V
Low Nb steel-Fe-0.1/0.2C-1.2/1.4Nb-0/0.2Nb
Low V alloy steel-Steel with 0.2% C and 1% V
Low V alloy steel-Steel with 0.2% C and 1% V
Low-carbon steels, Mg
Low-carbon steels
Low-crabon steels
Maraging steel
Maraging steel
Maraging steel-Fe-0.02C-12/16Cr-8Ni-0.15Be
Marble's reagent
Martensitic and bainitic steels - Bechet and Beaujard's etch
Martensitic and ferritic stainless steels
Martensitic stainless steel and high-alloy steels - GE Turbo-chrome etch
Martensitic stainless steels
Martensitic stainless steels
Martensitic stainless steels
Martensitic, stainless steels-Chemical etching
Marts and Capes's etch
Medium and high carbon steel-Chemical etching
Medium and high carbon steels-Chemical etching
Medium carbon steel-Physical etching
Medium carbon steels
Medium-carbon steels
Meyer and Eichholz's No. 1 etch
Meyer and Eichholz's No. 2 etch
Meyer and Eichholz's No. 2 etchant-For etching nitrided layer in steel
Mg and alloys
Microalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Microalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Microalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Microalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Microalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Microalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Microstructures of Cr and CrNi steels-Electrolytic etching
Mild steel (0.2% C)-Electro thinning
Mild steel-Chemical polishing
Mild steel-Electro thinning by window technique
Mild steel-Electro thinning in PTFE holder
Mild steel-Fe-0.15% C
Miller and Day's etch for low-carbon steels
Mn dual phase steel-0.07C-1.26Mn-0.30Si-0.08V-0.08Mo-0.07Cr
Mn dual phase steel-0.11C-1.47Mn-0.34Si-0.05Nb
Mn steel-Fe-0.16C-13Mn-0.24Si-0.22Cu-0.48Cr-0.03/0.13Nb
Mn steel-Fe-0.6/2.1C-0/0.5Mn
Mn steels-14% Mn steel (Hadfield steel)
Mn-Cr dual phase steel-Fe-0.07C-1.4Mn-0.6Si-0.2Ce
Mn-Cr steel-Fe-20Mn-4Cr-0.5C
Mn-Cr-V-W steel-0.9C-1.1Mn-0.5Cr-0.5W-0.2V
Mn-Cu alloys
Mo and alloys
Mo and alloys
Monel-Electro polishing
Monel-Electrolytic polishing
Murakami's etchant
Nb and alloys
Ni alloys, some alloy steels
Ni steel-Fe-0.4/1.3C-8/25Ni
Ni22Cr9Mo steel
NiChrome 80-20 etchant
Nickel deposits on steel
Ni-Cr stainless steel-Fe-20Cr-25Ni-0.4Mn-0.5Nb-0.01C
Ni-Cr steel-Fe-3.5Ni-1.4Cr-0.3C
Ni-Cr steel-Fe-3.5Ni-1.7Cr-0.3C
Ni-Cr-Mn steel-Fe-0.3C-8/21Ni-9Cr-2Mn
Ni-Mn steel-0.3% C-28% Ni-0.5% Mn
Ni-Mo steel-Fe-24Ni-4Mo-0.25C
Niobium-Nb, Tantalum-Ta
Niobium-Nb, Tantalum-Ta
Niobium-Nb
Nital
Nitrided DIN 1.8550(34CrAlNi7) steel specimens-Macro for segregation
Nitrided steels
Nitriding steels
Nitronic 50 (XM-19) stainless steel wire-Chemical etching
Oberhoffer's etch
Oberhoffer's macroetch reagent-For macro etching of steel specimens
Oberhoffer's reagent
Os-Ir alloys
Oxide scale - NiO
Oxygen sensing etchant for steels-This reagents is claimed as good for detection of oxygen penetration into steels
P91 (X10CrMoV91) steel - GE Turbo-chrome etch
Parameters for the ion beam etching of different layer composites on steel
PH13-8 Mo steel
Picral
Plain carbon steel-Chemical etching
Plain carbon steel-Electro polishing
Precipitation hardenable stainless steels
Presence of Fe3P in steels-Chemical etching
Presence of sigma phase in steel-Electrolytic etching
Primary austenite grain boundaries in low and medium-alloy steels, martensitic and bainitic microstructures-Chemical etching
Pu alloys
Quenched and tempered steels
Refactaly steel-Chemical etching
Refractaloy steel 80, 90, 100-Chemical etching
Refractaloy steel-Chemical etching
Refractaloy steel-Chemical etching
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-BLASIL-PS
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-citric acid
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-Cyanide solution
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-ENDOX 114 (cyanide free)
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-ENDOX4 (containing cyanide)
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-Hydrobromic acid
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-inhibited chloric acid
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-Molten NaOH
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-TICKOPUR J80 U
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-TICKOPUR R27
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-TICKOPUR R30
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-TICKOPUR RW 77
Removing rust (FeO[OH]) and scale from the steel surface-TRINOFORM FE 645
Retained austenite in the steels
Revealing the grain size in T-410 martensitic stainless steel
Rhenium-Re
Rosenhain and Haighton's etch
SAE 4340 steel-Fe-0.4C-0.7Mn-0.26Si-0.75Cr-0.25Mo-1.8Ni
Sandwich-type composite steel-foamed aluminium-steel
Schrader's etch
Selective etching of delta-ferrite in 18-8 austenitic stainless steels
Si steel-Fe-0.6C-2.0Si
Si steel-Jet electro polishing
Si steels-Silicon steel with high silicon content
Sigma Phase in Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld
Sigma phase in duplex steels (Fe)-Electrolytic etching
Sigma phase in duplex steels
Silicon steels-Determination of grain orientaion
Silicon steels-Determination of grain orientaion
Silicon steels-Determination of grain orientaion
Silicon steels-Determination of grain orientaion
Silicon steels-Determination of grain orientaion
Silicon steels-Determination of grain orientaion
Sn coatings on steel and Sn-bearing alloys
Sn plated steel
Sn-coated steels
Sn-Pb alloys and Sn coatings on steel
Sn-plated steels
SST 300 series-Electrolytic etching
SST 304 steel-Electrolytic etching
SST 316 steel-Chemical etching
Stainless and alloy steels-Electropolishing
Stainless and alloy steels-Electropolishing
Stainless and heat resistant steel specimens-General macro
Stainless and high temperature steel specimens-Austenitic stainless steel specimens and high temperature alloys
Stainless and high temperature steel specimens-Austenitic stainless steel specimens and high temperature alloys
Stainless and high temperature steel specimens-Austenitic stainless steel specimens and Ni base alloys
Stainless and high temperature steel specimens-Iron, Co and Ni base high temperature alloys
Stainless and high temperature steel specimens-Stainless steel specimens and high temperature alloys
Stainless and high temperature steel specimens-Stainless steel specimens and iron base high temperature alloys
Stainless steel - Ralph’s reagent
Stainless steel - Rolls Royce's etch
Stainless steel and alloy steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel and alloy steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel castings-General structure
Stainless steel specimens-Etching to reveal segregations, porosity, cracks
Stainless steel types 301, 307-Fe-0.1C-6/8Mn-16/17Cr-4/6Ni-0.1N
Stainless steel
Stainless steel-Chemical thinning
Stainless steel-Chemical thinning
Stainless steel-Electro polishing
Stainless steel-Electro polishing
Stainless steel-Electro polishing
Stainless steel-Electro thinning
Stainless steel-Electro thinning
Stainless steel-Electro thinning
Stainless steel-Electro thinning by Bollmann technique
Stainless steel-Electro thinning by Bollmann technique
Stainless steel-Electro thinning by Mirand-Saulnier technique
Stainless steel-Electro thinning by modified Mirand-Saulnier technique
Stainless steel-Electro thinning in PTFE holders
Stainless steel-Electro thinning-Bollmann technique
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electrolytic polishing
Stainless steel-Electropolishing
Stainless steel-Fe-0.1C-1.5Mn-0.5Si-17/17.5Cr-12.5Ni-0.73Nb
Stainless steel-Fe-0.1C-1.5Mn-0.5Si-17Cr-12.5Ni-0.5Ti
Stainless steel-Fe-20Cr-25Ni-0.05C
Stainless steel-Good for all austenitic heat resistant alloys, 100 F plus
Stainless steel-Jet electro polishing
Stainless steel-Physical etching
Stainless steels - Chrome Regia
Stainless steels - Curan's etch
Stainless steels - Fry's reagent
Stainless steels - GE Turbo-chrome etch
Stainless steels - Groesbeck's reagent
Stainless steels - Kalling's No. 1 etch
Stainless steels - Kalling's No. 2 etch
Stainless steels - Marble's reagent
Stainless steels - Modified Marble's reagent
Stainless steels - Modified Murakami's reagent
Stainless steels - Modified Murakami's reagent
Stainless steels - Modified Murakami's reagent
Stainless steels - Modified Murakami's reagent
Stainless steels - Murakami's reagent
Stainless steels - Vilella's reagent
Stainless steels and high speed steels
Stainless steels with sigma - Modified ortho-nitrophenol contrast etch
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels
Stainless steels-All types of stainless steels
Stainless steels-Carbon steels, low and high alloy steels, stainless steels
Stainless steels-Chemical etching
Stainless steels-Color etchant
Stainless steels-Color etchant
Stainless steels-Color etchant
Stainless steels-Color etchant
Stainless steels-Color etching
Stainless steels-Color etching
Stainless steels-Color etching
Stainless steels-Color etching
Stainless steels-Color etching
Stainless steels-Color etching
Stainless steels-Color etching
Stainless steels-Electro polishing
Stainless steels-Electro polishing
Stainless steels-Electro polishing
Stainless steels-Electro polishing
Stainless steels-Electro polishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-Electropolishing
Stainless steels-General etchant. Heavy attack on austenite, sigma phase and carbides
Stainless steels-General etchant
Stainless steels-General etchant
Stainless steels-General etchant
Stainless steels-Good general-purpose electrolyte
Stainless steels-Stainless steels different types
Stainless steels-Stainless steels with 0.08-0.20% C
Stainless steels-To reveal surface carburisation in stainless steels
Stainless steel-Type 304 or 316 stainless steel
Stainless steel-Type 304: Fe-18Cr-8.5Ni-0.06C-0.7Si-1.75Mn-0.36Mo. Type 309: Fe-23.6Cr-14Ni-0.04C-0.6Si-2Mn-0.3Mo. Etchants for welded structure
Stainlesss steels-Electrolytic polishing
Stead No. 1 etch
Stead's No. 2 etch
Stead's reagent (1)
Stead's reagent (2)
Steel 1.5C-12Cr
Steel 1.5C-12Cr-1Mo
Steel 1.5C-12Cr-1Mo-1V
Steel 1.5C-12Cr-1V
Steel 145V33 (Mat.No. 1.2838, DIN 145V33)
Steel 145V33 (Mat.No. 1.2838, DIN 145V33)
Steel 145V33 (Mat.No. 1.2838, DIN 145V33)
Steel 145V33 (Mat.No. 1.2838, DIN 145V33)
Steel 145V33 (Mat.No. 1.2838, DIN 145V33)
Steel 29Ni-18Cr
Steel 2C-12Cr
Steel 2C-12Cr
Steel 304 type blanks-Chemical cleaning
Steel 304 type-Solvent cleaning
Steel 35NCD16 (Mat.No. 1.6773, DIN 36NiCrMo16)
Steel 35NCD16 (Mat.No. 1.6773, DIN 36NiCrMo16)
Steel 35NCD16 (Mat.No. 1.6773, DIN 36NiCrMo16)
Steel 35NCD16 (Mat.No. 1.6773, DIN 36NiCrMo16)
Steel 35NCD16 (Mat.No. 1.6773, DIN 36NiCrMo16)
Steel all type-Chemical etching
Steel alloys containing carbides-Contrast etching
Steel and SST vacuum system parts-Chemical cleaning
Steel blanks-Chemical etching
Steel blanks-Chemical thinning
Steel blanks-Electrolytic etching
Steel blanks-Electrolytic jet thinning
Steel BR885 (Mat.No. 1.3348, DIN S2-9-2, AISI M7)
Steel BR885 (Mat.No. 1.3348, DIN S2-9-2, AISI M7)
Steel BR885 (Mat.No. 1.3348, DIN S2-9-2, AISI M7)
Steel BRCMO (Mat.No. 1.3243, DIN S6-5-2-5, AISI M35)
Steel BRCMO (Mat.No. 1.3243, DIN S6-5-2-5, AISI M35)
Steel BRM2 (Mat.No. 11.3343, DIN S5-5-2, AISI M2)
Steel BRM2 (Mat.No. 11.3343, DIN S5-5-2, AISI M2)
Steel BRU (Mat.No. 11.3207, DIN S10-4-3-10, AISI T42)
Steel BRU (Mat.No. 11.3207, DIN S10-4-3-10, AISI T42)
Steel BRU (Mat.No. 11.3207, DIN S10-4-3-10, AISI T42)
Steel BRU (Mat.No. 11.3207, DIN S10-4-3-10, AISI T42)
Steel C35 (Mat.No. 1.0501, DIN C35, AISI 1035)
Steel carbon and alloy-Electrolytic polishing
Steel carbon and alloy-Electrolytic polishing
Steel castings-Particularly suitable for castings
Steel CRV
Steel CRV1 (Mat.No. 1.2376, DIN X96CrMoV12)
Steel CRV1 (Mat.No. 1.2376, DIN X96CrMoV12)
Steel CRV2 (Mat.No. 1.2631, DIN X50CrMoW9-1-1)
Steel CRV2 (Mat.No. 1.2631, DIN X50CrMoW9-1-1)
Steel CRV3 (Mat.No. 1.2690)
Steel CRV3 (Mat.No. 1.2690)
Steel CRV3
Steel CRV3
Steel for turbine blades - Adler's etch
Steel KATO
Steel KATO
Steel KATO
Steel KATO
Steel MERILO (Mat.No. 1.2842, DIN 90MnCrV8, AISI O2)
Steel MERILO (Mat.No. 1.2842, DIN 90MnCrV8, AISI O2)
Steel OA2 (Mat.No. 1.2363, DIN X100CrMoV5-1, AISI A2)
Steel OA2 (Mat.No. 1.2363, DIN X100CrMoV5-1, AISI A2)
Steel OCR12 (Mat.No. 1.2080, DIN X210Cr12, AISI D3)
Steel OCR12EX (Mat.No. 1.2601, DIN X165CrMoV12)
Steel OCR12EX (Mat.No. 1.2601, DIN X165CrMoV12)
Steel OCR12SP (Mat.No. 1.2436, DIN X210CrW12)
Steel OCR12V2 (Mat.No. 1.2378, DIN X220CrVMo12-2)
Steel OCR12VM (Mat.No. 1.2379, DIN X155CrVMo12-1, AISI D2)
Steel OCR12VM (Mat.No. 1.2379, DIN X155CrVMo12-1, AISI D2)
Steel OCR12VM (Mat.No. 1.2379, DIN X155CrVMo12-1, AISI D2)
Steel OCR12VMS (Mat.No. 1.2379*, DIN X155CrVMo12-1, AISI D2)
Steel OCR12VMS (Mat.No. 1.2379*, DIN X155CrVMo12-1, AISI D2)
Steel OCR4EXSP (Mat.No. 1.2067, DIN 100Cr6, AISI L1/L3)
Steel OH49
Steel OH49
Steel OHV4 (Mat.No. 1.2327, DIN 86CrMoV7)
Steel Osikro 4 (Mat.No. 1.2550, DIN 60WCrV7, AISI S1)
Steel Osikro 4 (Mat.No. 1.2550, DIN 60WCrV7, AISI S1)
Steel OSIKRO4 (Mat.No. 1.2550, DIN 60WCrV7, AISI S1)
Steel OSIKRO4 (Mat.No. 1.2550, DIN 60WCrV7, AISI S1)
Steel OSIKROSP (Mat.No. 1.2552, DIN 80WCrV8)
Steel OSIKROSP (Mat.No. 1.2552, DIN 80WCrV8)
Steel OSV1
Steel OSV1
Steel OSV1
Steel OW3 (Mat.No. 1.2519, DIN 110WCrV5, AISI Approx. O7)
Steel OW3 (Mat.No. 1.2519, DIN 110WCrV5, AISI Approx. O7)
Steel PK10 (Mat.No. 1.4762, DIN X10CrAl24, AISI 446)
Steel PK12SP (Mat.No. 1.4571, DIN X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2, AISI 316 Ti)
Steel PK12SP (Mat.No. 1.4571, DIN X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2, AISI 316 Ti)
Steel PK2SP (Mat.No. 1.4057, DIN X17CrNi16-2, AISI 431)
Steel PK2SP (Mat.No. 1.4057, DIN X17CrNi16-2, AISI 431)
Steel PK2SP (Mat.No. 1.4057, DIN X17CrNi16-2, AISI 431)
Steel PK2SP (Mat.No. 1.4057, DIN X17CrNi16-2, AISI 431)
Steel PK2SP (Mat.No. 1.4057, DIN X17CrNi16-2, AISI 431)
Steel PK335 (Mat.No. 1.4122, DIN X39CrMo17-1)
Steel PK335 (Mat.No. 1.4122, DIN X39CrMo17-1)
Steel PK9 (Mat.No. 1.4747, DIN X80CrNiSi20)
Steel PK9 (Mat.No. 1.4747, DIN X80CrNiSi20)
Steel PK9 (Mat.No. 1.4747, DIN X80CrNiSi20)
Steel Ravnal
Steel Ravnal2 (Mat.No. 1.4767, DIN CrAl 5)
Steel Ravnal2 (Mat.No. 1.4767, DIN CrAl 5)
Steel Ravnal2 (Mat.No. 1.4767, DIN CrAl 5)
Steel specimens and cast irons-Chemical etching
Steel specimens and cast irons-Etching to reveal sgregations (especially phosphorus segregations)
Steel specimens and cast irons-General mcroecthing of steel specimens and cast irons
Steel specimens and cast irons-General mcroecthing of steel specimens and cast irons
Steel specimens and cast irons-General mcroecthing steel specimens and cast irons
Steel specimens and cast irons-The etching solutions reveals phosphorus segregations
Steel specimens and cast irons-To reveal phosphorus segregations and cell structures in cast iron
Steel specimens and cast irons-To reveal strain lines (stretcher's, Luder's lines)
Steel specimens and cast iron-To reveal phosphorus segregations in carbon steel specimens with up to 0.7% C
Steel specimens-Carbide etching
Steel specimens-Carbide etching
Steel specimens-Carbide etching
Steel specimens-Carbon steel and Cr-Mo steel
Steel specimens-Cast materials. Grain surfaces, background dendrites
Steel specimens-Cast materials. Primary structure (grain surfaces clearly visible). X20Cr13 steel specimens
Steel specimens-Cast materials. Primary structure. 15Cr3 steel specimens
Steel specimens-Cast materials. Primary structure. 5Si13 steel specimens
Steel specimens-Cast materials. Primary structure. St38 steel specimens
Steel specimens-Cast materials. Primary structure
Steel specimens-Chemical etching
Steel specimens-Determination of sulpur distribution
Steel specimens-Electro polishing
Steel specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Steel specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Steel specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Steel specimens-Electrolytic polishing
Steel specimens-Electropolishing
Steel specimens-Fe-Cr Alloys, Ni-Cr Alloys, high speed steels and austenitic manganese steels
Steel specimens-For untempered martensite in low alloy Cr-Ni steels
Steel specimens-General etching of carbon steel, cast iron, and also of certain alloyed steels
Steel specimens-Roolled materials. Structure visible, defects partly visible. 9S20 steel specimens
Steel specimens-TEM sample preparation
Steel specimens-To reveal ferrite grains in annealed carbon steel
Steel specimens-To reveal ferrite structure in low carbon content steels
Steel specimens-To reveal flow lines
Steel specimens-To reveal lead inclusions
Steel specimens-To reveal sigma phase
Steel specimens-To reveal the prexisting austenite grain boundaries and tempered steels
Steel TMCN1 (Mat.No. 1.2747, DIN X210Cr12, AISI D3)
Steel TMCN1 (Mat.No. 1.2747, DIN X210Cr12, AISI D3)
Steel TMCN2 (Mat.No. 1.2726, DIN 26NiCrMoV5)
Steel TMCN2 (Mat.No. 1.2726, DIN 26NiCrMoV5)
Steel TV4 (Mat.No. 1.2827, DIN 44MnSiV4)
Steel TV4 (Mat.No. 1.2827, DIN 44MnSiV4)
Steel UTOP2 (Mat.No. 1.2581, DIN X30WCrV93, AISI H21)
Steel UTOP2 (Mat.No. 1.2581, DIN X30WCrV93, AISI H21)
Steel UTOP3 (Mat.No. 1.2606, DIN X37CrMoW5-1, AISI H12)
Steel UTOP3 (Mat.No. 1.2606, DIN X37CrMoW5-1, AISI H12)
Steel UTOPCO2 (Mat.No. 1.2885, DIN X32CrMoCoV3-3-3, AISI H10A)
Steel UTOPCO2 (Mat.No. 1.2885, DIN X32CrMoCoV3-3-3, AISI H10A)
Steel UTOPEX1 (Mat.No. 1.2713, DIN 55NiCrMoV6, AISI L6)
Steel UTOPEX2 (Mat.No. 1.2714, DIN 56NiCrMoV7)
Steel UTOPEX2 (Mat.No. 1.2714, DIN 56NiCrMoV7)
Steel UTOPEX2 (Mat.No. 1.2714, DIN 56NiCrMoV7)
Steel UtopMo1 (Mat.No. 1.2343, DIN X38CrMoV5-1, AISI H11)
Steel UtopMo1 (Mat.No. 1.2343, DIN X38CrMoV5-1, AISI H11)
Steel UTOPMO2 (Mat.No. 1.2344, DIN X40CrMoV51, AISI H13)
Steel UTOPMO2 (Mat.No. 1.2344, DIN X40CrMoV51, AISI H13)
Steel UTOPMO2 (Mat.No. 1.2344, DIN X40CrMoV51, AISI H13)
Steel UtopMo2 (Mat.No. 1.2344, DIN X40CrMoV51, AISI H13)
Steel UtopMo2 (Mat.No. 1.2344, DIN X40CrMoV51, AISI H13)
Steel UtopMo4 (Mat.No. 1.2345, DIN X50CrVMo51, AISI Approx. H11)
Steel UtopMo4 (Mat.No. 1.2345, DIN X50CrVMo51, AISI Approx. H11)
Steel UTOPMO5
Steel UTOPMO5
Steel UTOPMO5
Steel UTOPMO5
Steel UTOPMO6
Steel UTOPMO6
Steel UTOPN (Mat.No. 1.2312, DIN 40CrMnMoS8-6)
Steel UTOPN (Mat.No. 1.2312, DIN 40CrMnMoS8-6)
Steel UTOPSP (Mat.No. 1.2581, DIN X30WCrV93, AISI H21)
Steel UTOPSP (Mat.No. 1.2581, DIN X30WCrV93, AISI H21)
Steel weld - Noren's reagent
Steel, (100) single crystal specimens-Chemical cleaning for plating
Steel, 300 series-Electrolytic etching
Steel, alloys with untempered martensite-Chemical etching
Steel, carbon type-Chemical etching
Steel, carbon-Chemical cleaning/etching
Steel, hard-Chemical cleaning/etching
Steel, high-speed blanks-Chemical etching
Steel, low carbon blanks-Chemical etching
Steel-Carbon and alloy-Electrolytic polishing
Steel-Carbon, alloy, stainless-Electrolytic polishing
Steels (0.1-0.8% C, up to 3% alloys)
Steels (all types)-Chemical etching
Steels specimens-Cast irons, steels, tool steels, manganese steels, ferritic and martensitic stainless steels
Steels specimens-Cast irons, steels, tool steels, manganese steels, ferritic and martensitic stainless steels
Steels specimens-Cast irons, steels, tool steels, manganese steels, ferritic and martensitic stainless steels
Steels specimens-Cast irons, steels, tool steels, manganese steels, ferritic and martensitic stainless steels
Steels specimens-Cast irons, steels, tool steels, manganese steels, ferritic and martensitic stainless steels
Steels specimens-Electro polishing
Steels specimens-Electro polishing
Steels specimens-Electropolishing
Steels specimens-Electropolishing
Steels specimens-Electropolishing
Steels specimens-Electropolishing
Steels specimens-General etching of carbon steel and cast irons, and of certain alloyed steels
Steels specimens-Sulfides are colored yelow and matrix dark
Steels treated by oxidation method
Steels with high Si content-Chemical etching
Steels, carbon and alloy types-Chemical etching
Steels, high carbon and alloys types-Chemical etching
Steels, high carbon and high alloy types-Chemical etching
Steels: Iron, Steels, Cast Irons
Steels
Steels
Steels-Chemical etching
Steels-Electrolytic polishing
Steels-Electrolytic polishing
Steels-Electrolytic polishing
Steels-Electrolytic polishing
Steels-Electrolytic polishing
Sulfides in stainless steels
Ta and alloys
Ta and alloys
Taub's etch
Temper embrittlement in steels - Etch of del Corral and de Castro y Mosquera
Temper embrittlement in steels - Klemm's etch
Temper embrittlement in steels
Ti alloyed steels-To reveal Ti containing grain boundary phases in Ti alloyed steels
TiC coated steel - Murakami's reagent
TiC coated steel-Structure of titanium carbide layer
TiC coated steel-This solution revealed a good grain boundry pattern in titanium carbide layer
Tint etch for Fe-Ni massive martensite
Tint etch for lath or plate martensite
Tint etch for steels
Tint etch for steels
Tint etch for steels
Tint etchant for steels - Beaujard and Tordeux's tint etch
Tint etchant for steels - Beaujard's tint etch
Tint etchant for steels - Beaujard's tint etch
Tint etchant for steels - Klemm's I reagent
Tint etchant for steels - Klemm's II reagent
To detect oxidation in steel
To detect oxidation in steel
Tool steels
Tool steels-Color etching. Colors ferrite grains. Reveals banded structures. Used in carbon and alloy steels
Tool steels-Color etching. Colors pearlite and hardened structures of unlloyed steels
Tool steels-Color etching. Colors the martensite in Fe-C alloys
Tool steels-Color etching. For carbon, alloy and Fe-Mn (5-18% Mn) steels
Tool steels-Color etching. For carbon, alloy and manganese steels
Tool steels-Color etching. For carbon, alloy and tool steels
Tool steels-Color etching. For Mn, Mn-C, Mn-Cr steels
TRIP steel - LaPera's etch
Type 300 maraging steel-Fe, 18.5% Ni, 8.75% Co, 4.9% Mo, 0.65% Ti, max. 0.03% C, 0.1% Al
Type 304 and 304L stainless steel-Fe-0.03/0.06C-18Cr-9/10Ni-1/1.2Mn
Type 304 L stainless steel-Fe-0.03C-19Cr-10Ni-0/2Mn-0/1Si
Type 304 stainless heat resisting steel-Fe-0.1C-18Cr-8.5Ni-1.4Mn-0.5Si
Type 304 stainless steel-Chemical etching
Type 304 stainless steel-Electro thinning
Type 304 stainless steel-Electrolytic etching
Type 304 stainless steel-Fe-0.07C-18.8Cr-9.4Ni-0.8Mn-0.65Si
Type 304 stainless steel-Fe-18.6Cr-9.5Ni-1.3Mn-0.35Mo-0.44Si-0.25Cu-0.04C
Type 304 stainless steel-Fe-18Cr-8.6Ni-1.2Mn-0.2Co-0.1Cu-0.1Mo-0.1W0-0.04C
Type 304 stainless steel-Jet electro polishing
Type 304 stainless steel-Jet thinning
Type 304 stainless steel-Twin jet electro thinning
Type 310 stainless steel-Fe-25.5Cr-20Ni-0.04C-0.7Si-0.4Mn
Type 316 stainless steel-Chemical etching
Type 316 stainless steel-Chemical etching
Type 316 stainless steel-Fe-0.02/0.04C-1.8/2.5Mn-17/18Cr-12/12.5Ni-2.25Mo-0.4/0.8Si
Type 316 stainless steel-Fe-16/17Cr-10/12Ni-2.2/2.5Mo-0.45/1.7Mn-0.2/0.4Si-0.04/0.07C
Type 4140 steel-0.4C-0.8Mn-1Cr-0.3Mo
Type 430 stainless steel-Fe-16Cr-0.06C-0.4Si-0.4Mn
Type 800 stainless steel-Fe-21.4Cr-33.2Ni-0.5Ti-0.5Si-0.6Mn-0.3Al-0.015C
Type AISI 316 stainless steel-Fe-18Cr-8Ni-2.5Mo
Type AISI 316 stainless steel-Twin jet electro polishing
Unalloyed and low-alloy steels, martensitic and bainitic microstructures, ferritic Cr steels, manganese steels, soldered joints with brass solder-Chemical etching
Unalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Unalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Unalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Unalloyed steels-Electropolishing
Untempered high-Si steels
Uranium-U
U-Si alloys
Vilella
Wallner's etchant
Warke amd McCall's etch
Wazau's etch
Weld etch inspection of 4130 steel-Chemical etching
Whiteley's etch
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Hastelloy C, general structure
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Hastelloy X (AISI 680), general structure
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Incoloy 800, carbide particles
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Incoloy 800, general structure; carbide particles
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Incoloy 800, general structure; grain boundaries
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Incoloy 800, preferential attack at grain boundaries
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Incoloy 825, general structure; grain boundaries
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Incoloy 825, grain boundaries; carbide particles
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 600 and 601, excellent for revealing carbide particles
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 600 and 601. General structure; grain boundaries; carbide
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 600 and 601. General structure
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 625, general structure; grain boundaries
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 625, general structure
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 625. Grain boundaries
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 625. Grain boundary films
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 625
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 706 and alloy 718. General structure; precipitate phases
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 706 and alloy 718. Good for general structure and phase outline; grain boundaries
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 706 and alloy 718. Grain boundary films
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel 706 and alloy 718
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel X-750 (AISI 688), general structure
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel X-750 (AISI 688). Good for revealing grain boundaries and carbide particles
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-Inconel X-750 (AISI 688). Grain boundaries; carbide
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-RA 330, for etch pitting
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-RA 330, general structure; precipitates
Wrought Fe-Ni-Cr heat resisting alloys-U-700 (AISI 687). General structure; grain boundaries
Wrought stainless steels-General structure, carbides
Wrought stainless steels-General structure, sigma phase
Wrought stainless steels-General structure, sigma phase
Wrought stainless steels-General structure, sigma phase
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
Wrought stainless steels-General structure
X22CrMoV12.1 steel
X41CrMoV5-1 steel-Chemical etching
X41CrMoV5-1 steel-Chemical etching
X5CrNiTi26.6 steel-Chemical and electrolytic etching
Zn-Fe, Zn-Al, and Zn-Cr alloys and Zn coated steels

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